The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Aid to Blacks/Minorities by Mode 1970-2016


  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08 '10 '12 '12F '12W '14 '16 '16F '16W
Govt. Help 1 13
(198)
12
(269)
12
(295)
11
(306)
10
(236)
5
(64)
7
(92)
8
(180)
7
(154)
9
(177)
8
(149)
6
(141)
5
(97)
5
(79)
9
(111)
6
(56)
** 8
(96)
** 6
(140)
** 4
(239)
5
(97)
4
(142)
** 10
(424)
9
(96)
10
(328)
2 7
(107)
7
(148)
6
(139)
7
(200)
5
(120)
4
(60)
5
(68)
7
(149)
5
(110)
5
(95)
6
(121)
5
(123)
5
(91)
4
(61)
7
(85)
4
(40)
** 5
(63)
** 5
(110)
** 4
(227)
4
(85)
4
(143)
** 7
(311)
8
(89)
7
(222)
3 7
(102)
12
(264)
10
(249)
11
(317)
9
(210)
10
(138)
10
(138)
13
(289)
10
(213)
10
(199)
10
(192)
10
(240)
9
(151)
9
(147)
10
(122)
7
(71)
** 8
(93)
** 7
(169)
** 7
(409)
7
(139)
7
(270)
** 9
(378)
10
(108)
9
(270)
4 23
(340)
21
(470)
21
(513)
18
(513)
22
(504)
25
(355)
25
(354)
27
(597)
28
(603)
21
(428)
24
(464)
24
(602)
24
(423)
21
(366)
25
(314)
25
(238)
** 22
(264)
** 19
(448)
** 21
(1240)
22
(438)
21
(803)
** 20
(840)
20
(222)
20
(618)
5 11
(167)
10
(229)
10
(250)
10
(285)
14
(328)
18
(257)
14
(195)
16
(352)
16
(344)
14
(280)
14
(266)
13
(327)
15
(273)
18
(305)
14
(176)
15
(141)
** 15
(175)
** 12
(277)
** 12
(697)
13
(267)
11
(430)
** 11
(449)
13
(142)
10
(307)
6 10
(147)
11
(246)
8
(197)
9
(242)
11
(243)
11
(156)
14
(200)
9
(199)
13
(271)
13
(255)
14
(275)
13
(329)
15
(268)
17
(287)
12
(153)
15
(148)
** 15
(184)
** 14
(324)
** 16
(942)
14
(277)
17
(665)
** 13
(547)
14
(148)
13
(399)
Help Themselves 7 19
(290)
17
(375)
19
(471)
17
(495)
17
(396)
12
(173)
11
(148)
8
(178)
12
(255)
17
(347)
16
(312)
19
(468)
20
(346)
18
(309)
14
(181)
20
(192)
** 16
(186)
** 22
(502)
** 24
(1391)
22
(440)
25
(951)
** 17
(722)
14
(154)
18
(568)
DK, Haven't Thought 10
(143)
11
(254)
15
(375)
17
(479)
11
(247)
14
(198)
15
(208)
13
(287)
9
(202)
11
(227)
9
(178)
10
(236)
7
(116)
9
(153)
10
(132)
9
(85)
** 11
(132)
** 15
(342)
** 13
(736)
14
(285)
12
(450)
** 14
(579)
12
(134)
14
(446)
N 1494 2255 2489 2837 2284 1401 1403 2231 2152 2008 1957 2466 1765 1707 1274 971 0 1193 0 2312 0 5881 2028 3855 0 4250 1093 3159

Percentage Within Study Year
F indicates face-to-face mode only
W indicates web/Internet mode only
Table 4B.4. by Mode