The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Had Contact With Incumbent Congressional Candidate 1978-1994

  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94
Democratic Candidate 63.78 60.69 64.84 62.39 62.23 67.24 66.54 65.37 64.29
Republican Candidate 52.91 51.95 60.15 54.68 55.79 52.70 44.00 50.84 56.01
Incumbent Candidate 75.28 76.50 77.84 75.56 77.34 78.38 77.08 76.63 75.09
Challenger Candidate 35.68 36.64 45.47 36.71 33.17 34.17 22.50 39.76 39.73
N 4487 2842 3029 2014 4275 3568 3575 4134 3674

Percentage Within Study Year
Table 8B.1.

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Question Text:

"Think of {candidate} [who has been the U.S. Representative from this district/ who ran for the U.S. House of Representatives from this district]. Have you come into contact with or learned anything about (him/her) through any of these ways?"
RESPONDENT MET {candidate} PERSONALLY
RESPONDENT ATTENDED A MEETING OR GATHERING WHERE {candidate} SPOKE.
RESPONDENT TALKED TO A MEMBER OF { candidate} STAFF OR SOMEONE IN {candidate's} OFFICE
RESPONDENT RECEIVED SOMETHING IN MAIL FROM {candidate}
RESPONDENT READ ABOUT {candidate} IN A NEWSPAPER OR MAGAZINE.
RESPONDENT HEARD {candidate} ON THE RADIO.
RESPONDENT SAW {candidate} ON TV

Percent among demographic groups who responded:

Democratic Candidate
Republican Candidate
Incumbent Candidate
Challenger Candidate

Note:

This table counts as contact any 'yes' response to the types specified. The 1982 data set included 2 sets of approval vars for 2 running incumbents due to redistricting in two Congressional districts (19 cases); for this year, the incumbent who represented R's sampling location BEFORE the 1982 redistricting has been considered R's 'incumbent.' Data for some candidates may have been derived using var for type of House race.

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