The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Time of Presidential Election Vote Decision 1948-2004

  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Knew All Along 41
(158)
32
(382)
** 45
(557)
** 25
(340)
** 18
(191)
** 21
(203)
** 33
(498)
** 20
(320)
** 20
(199)
** 30
(423)
** 15
(179)
** 19
(307)
** 28
(291)
** 12
(134)
** 33
(264)
When Candidate Announced 0
(0)
4
(46)
** 15
(181)
** 6
(88)
** 23
(255)
** 14
(136)
** 11
(161)
** 14
(226)
** 20
(201)
** 22
(301)
** 17
(202)
** 21
(348)
** 23
(241)
** 32
(353)
** 22
(177)
During Conventions 31
(117)
32
(386)
** 19
(228)
** 31
(433)
** 25
(276)
** 24
(231)
** 18
(270)
** 21
(341)
** 18
(179)
** 18
(245)
** 29
(344)
** 14
(237)
** 13
(140)
** 9
(104)
** 14
(114)
Post-Convention 15
(59)
21
(251)
** 12
(144)
** 26
(364)
** 21
(229)
** 19
(181)
** 24
(353)
** 22
(356)
** 15
(150)
** 17
(236)
** 22
(266)
** 22
(360)
** 17
(180)
** 23
(257)
** 15
(118)
Last 2 weeks of campaign 10
(37)
9
(109)
** 7
(92)
** 9
(121)
** 9
(98)
** 14
(139)
** 8
(124)
** 17
(281)
** 17
(163)
** 10
(137)
** 12
(143)
** 17
(275)
** 12
(129)
** 18
(196)
** 13
(103)
Election Day 3
(11)
2
(28)
** 2
(28)
** 3
(39)
** 4
(40)
** 7
(70)
** 5
(81)
** 7
(116)
** 9
(92)
** 4
(49)
** 5
(65)
** 8
(126)
** 7
(74)
** 5
(52)
** 2
(19)
N 382 1202 0 1230 0 1385 0 1089 0 960 0 1487 0 1640 0 984 0 1391 0 1199 0 1653 0 1055 0 1096 0 795

Percentage Within Study Year
Table 9A.3.

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Question Text:

"How long before the election did you decide that you were going to vote the way you did?"

Note:

Open-end texts for time of Presidential election vote decision have not yet been coded into release data codes for the ANES 2008 or 2012 Time Series studies. Open-end master codes and coding procedures are under review.

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