The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior
Average Feeling Thermometer Rating Toward Liberals and Conservatives 1964-2016
Percentage Within Study Year
This index is constructed from the 0-100 thermometer scores for liberals and conservatives. In the final thermometer data, scores of 97 to 100 are collapsed to 97.
The calculation for this index is the following: first, the rating for liberals is subtracted from 97, and that difference is added to the value of the rating for conservatives. This sum is then divided by 2, and the result is rounded to the nearest integer.
In 1964, 1966 and 1968, DK was scored as 50.
2012 and 2016 data are for the combined (face-to-face and internet) sample.
Return to the ANES Guide Index.