The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Party Identification 3-Point Scale 1952-2016

  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Democrat (incl leaners) 59
(1000)
58
(633)
52
(877)
58
(1010)
53
(986)
56
(690)
62
(946)
55
(699)
56
(858)
54
(811)
51
(1381)
52
(1286)
51
(1455)
54
(1214)
52
(841)
55
(774)
48
(1065)
50
(1088)
47
(954)
52
(1014)
50
(1231)
47
(838)
52
(885)
51
(649)
50
(894)
49
(724)
50
(591)
51
(1177)
46
(2736)
46
(1949)
Independent 5
(83)
8
(82)
9
(155)
8
(131)
10
(188)
8
(100)
8
(121)
12
(157)
11
(163)
13
(194)
15
(400)
18
(445)
16
(447)
16
(371)
15
(243)
13
(183)
13
(280)
14
(294)
12
(243)
12
(236)
13
(315)
11
(204)
10
(170)
12
(149)
13
(237)
7
(107)
10
(118)
11
(261)
14
(839)
15
(622)
Republican (incl leaners) 36
(606)
34
(373)
39
(658)
34
(596)
37
(690)
36
(447)
31
(469)
32
(407)
33
(510)
33
(485)
34
(914)
31
(761)
33
(932)
30
(684)
33
(528)
32
(446)
40
(883)
36
(775)
41
(829)
36
(715)
37
(926)
41
(738)
38
(651)
37
(469)
37
(659)
43
(635)
41
(484)
37
(855)
39
(2319)
39
(1669)
N 1689 1088 1690 1737 1864 1237 1536 1263 1531 1490 2695 2492 2834 2269 1612 1403 2228 2157 2026 1965 2472 1780 1706 1267 1790 1466 1193 2293 5894 4240

Percentage Within Study Year
Table 2A.2.

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Question Text:

"Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what?"
(IF REPUBLICAN OR DEMOCRAT) "Would you call yourself a strong (REPUBLICAN/DEMOCRAT) or a not very strong (REPUBLICAN/DEMOCRAT)?"
(IF INDEPENDENT, OTHER [1966 and later: OR NO PREFERENCE]:) "Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican or Democratic party?"

Percent among demographic groups who responded:

Democrat (incl leaners)
Independent
Republican (incl leaners)

Note:

Collapsed from the 7-point Party ID summary (Table 2A.1). The 7-point Party ID summary has been revised in 2010 to conform, as much as possible, with the December, 2009 ANES memo on its construction.

2012 and 2016 data are for the combined (face-to-face and internet) sample.

In 2012 face-to-face administration, a response of 'Neither' to the followup question "Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican or Democratic party?" was a volunteered response (not read aloud by the interviewer as an answer choice). For 2012 Internet respondents, however, the 'Neither' choice was present onscreen as a response option, and as a result more Internet than face-to-face Respondents became re-coded to Independent (middle category) in the 7-category summary.

Return to the ANES Guide Index.