The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Liberal-Conservative Self-Identification 1972-2016

  '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Extremely Liberal 1
(32)
2
(44)
1
(39)
2
(38)
2
(25)
1
(19)
2
(36)
1
(24)
2
(35)
1
(27)
2
(50)
1
(21)
1
(20)
2
(25)
2
(14)
2
(26)
2
(28)
3
(64)
3
(169)
3
(110)
Liberal 7
(156)
11
(271)
7
(192)
8
(179)
6
(93)
6
(81)
7
(161)
6
(130)
6
(112)
7
(142)
8
(210)
6
(109)
7
(116)
7
(89)
9
(76)
12
(175)
9
(105)
10
(227)
10
(603)
12
(436)
Slightly Liberal 10
(212)
8
(198)
8
(229)
10
(225)
9
(136)
8
(105)
9
(201)
11
(232)
9
(186)
8
(159)
10
(243)
7
(130)
10
(175)
9
(121)
9
(77)
9
(127)
8
(94)
9
(205)
11
(631)
11
(404)
Moderate, Middle of Road 27
(579)
26
(654)
25
(720)
27
(611)
20
(307)
22
(313)
23
(520)
28
(603)
22
(446)
24
(481)
23
(574)
26
(465)
24
(411)
29
(365)
23
(194)
22
(329)
25
(304)
22
(506)
32
(1859)
24
(863)
Slightly Conservative 15
(322)
12
(304)
12
(353)
14
(309)
13
(211)
13
(178)
14
(313)
15
(329)
15
(309)
14
(274)
15
(370)
14
(249)
15
(256)
15
(196)
12
(98)
10
(153)
12
(144)
12
(278)
14
(842)
12
(426)
Conservative 10
(220)
12
(295)
11
(314)
11
(259)
13
(199)
12
(170)
13
(288)
13
(282)
14
(278)
10
(193)
13
(312)
19
(333)
15
(253)
13
(160)
15
(130)
21
(307)
16
(196)
17
(390)
18
(1047)
17
(615)
Extremely Conservative 1
(27)
2
(47)
2
(62)
2
(52)
2
(33)
2
(31)
2
(36)
2
(33)
3
(59)
2
(41)
3
(65)
3
(54)
3
(49)
2
(31)
3
(28)
4
(53)
3
(36)
3
(71)
4
(250)
3
(125)
DK, Haven't Thought 28
(607)
27
(665)
33
(932)
27
(611)
36
(561)
36
(503)
30
(674)
25
(537)
30
(610)
33
(650)
27
(661)
24
(423)
25
(433)
23
(293)
27
(231)
22
(321)
25
(304)
25
(578)
8
(470)
18
(650)
N 2155 2478 2841 2284 1565 1400 2229 2170 2035 1967 2485 1784 1713 1280 848 1491 1211 2319 5871 3629

Percentage Within Study Year
Table 3.1.

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Question Text:

ALL YEARS EXC. 2000 TELEPHONE AND 2002: "Here is (1972,1974: I'm going to show you) a 7-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal to extremely conservative."
"Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you thought much about this?" (7-POINT SCALE SHOWN TO R)"
2000 TELEPHONE AND 2002: "When it comes to politics do you usually think of yourself as extremely liberal, liberal, slightly liberal, moderate or middle of the road, slightly conservative, extremely conservative, or haven't you thought much about this?"

Percent among demographic groups who responded:

Liberal (1,2,3)
Moderate
Conservative (5,6,7)

Note:

2012 and 2016 data are for the combined (face-to-face and internet) sample.

In the 2012 Web instrument, Don't Know and Haven't thought much about it' were not present as onscreen categories for Internet Respondents. Data here for the Guide category combining these two responses represent face-to-face cases only.

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