The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Aid to Blacks/Minorities 1970-2016

  '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Govt. Help 1 13
(198)
12
(269)
12
(295)
11
(306)
10
(236)
5
(64)
7
(92)
8
(180)
7
(154)
9
(177)
8
(149)
6
(141)
5
(97)
5
(79)
9
(111)
6
(56)
** 8
(96)
6
(140)
4
(239)
10
(424)
2 7
(107)
7
(148)
6
(139)
7
(200)
5
(120)
4
(60)
5
(68)
7
(149)
5
(110)
5
(95)
6
(121)
5
(123)
5
(91)
4
(61)
7
(85)
4
(40)
** 5
(63)
5
(110)
4
(227)
7
(311)
3 7
(102)
12
(264)
10
(249)
11
(317)
9
(210)
10
(138)
10
(138)
13
(289)
10
(213)
10
(199)
10
(192)
10
(240)
9
(151)
9
(147)
10
(122)
7
(71)
** 8
(93)
7
(169)
7
(409)
9
(378)
4 23
(340)
21
(470)
21
(513)
18
(513)
22
(504)
25
(355)
25
(354)
27
(597)
28
(603)
21
(428)
24
(464)
24
(602)
24
(423)
21
(366)
25
(314)
25
(238)
** 22
(264)
19
(448)
21
(1240)
20
(840)
5 11
(167)
10
(229)
10
(250)
10
(285)
14
(328)
18
(257)
14
(195)
16
(352)
16
(344)
14
(280)
14
(266)
13
(327)
15
(273)
18
(305)
14
(176)
15
(141)
** 15
(175)
12
(277)
12
(697)
11
(449)
6 10
(147)
11
(246)
8
(197)
9
(242)
11
(243)
11
(156)
14
(200)
9
(199)
13
(271)
13
(255)
14
(275)
13
(329)
15
(268)
17
(287)
12
(153)
15
(148)
** 15
(184)
14
(324)
16
(942)
13
(547)
Help Themselves 7 19
(290)
17
(375)
19
(471)
17
(495)
17
(396)
12
(173)
11
(148)
8
(178)
12
(255)
17
(347)
16
(312)
19
(468)
20
(346)
18
(309)
14
(181)
20
(192)
** 16
(186)
22
(502)
24
(1391)
17
(722)
DK, Haven't Thought 10
(143)
11
(254)
15
(375)
17
(479)
11
(247)
14
(198)
15
(208)
13
(287)
9
(202)
11
(227)
9
(178)
10
(236)
7
(116)
9
(153)
10
(132)
9
(85)
** 11
(132)
15
(342)
13
(736)
14
(579)
N 1494 2255 2489 2837 2284 1401 1403 2231 2152 2008 1957 2466 1765 1707 1274 971 0 1193 2312 5881 4250

Percentage Within Study Year
Table 4B.4.

Download the Chart

Question Text:

1970-1984, 1986 FORM B, 1988 FORM B: "Some people feel that the government in Washington should make every possible effort to improve the social and economic position of blacks (1970: Negroes) and other minority groups (1980: even if it means giving them preferential treatment). Others feel that the government should not make any special effort to help minorities because they should help themselves (1970: but they should be expected to help themselves)."
1986 FORM A, 1988 FORM A, 1990 and later: "Some people feel that the government in Washington should make every (prior to 1996 only: possible) effort to improve the social and economic position of blacks...Others feel that the government should not make any special effort to help blacks because they should help themselves."
ALL YEARS: "Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you thought much about it?" (7-POINT SCALE SHOWN TO R)

Percent among demographic groups who responded:

Govt Help (1,2,3)
Help Themselves (5,6,7)

Note:

2012 and 2016 data are for the combined (face-to-face and internet) sample.

In the 2012 Web instrument, Don't Know was not present as an onscreen categories for Internet, however Haven't Thought Much about it was a response option for both modes.

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