The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Income 1948-2016

  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
0-16 Percentile 10
(68)
20
(352)
21
(225)
16
(273)
16
(283)
15
(289)
22
(270)
19
(288)
20
(250)
16
(236)
15
(217)
19
(501)
16
(372)
14
(373)
17
(338)
17
(248)
17
(209)
15
(303)
17
(340)
19
(356)
18
(319)
15
(352)
17
(274)
16
(253)
15
(183)
14
(205)
** 16
(173)
15
(320)
17
(942)
16
(671)
17-33 Percentile 17
(110)
16
(276)
13
(142)
22
(378)
21
(371)
18
(342)
8
(96)
18
(278)
9
(117)
21
(316)
15
(217)
12
(308)
16
(373)
19
(510)
18
(361)
16
(222)
17
(216)
18
(352)
15
(307)
13
(246)
16
(292)
18
(422)
15
(247)
17
(258)
18
(213)
25
(378)
** 18
(194)
17
(363)
15
(842)
16
(663)
34-67 Percentile 28
(185)
23
(400)
31
(344)
31
(530)
28
(492)
28
(545)
42
(513)
26
(392)
33
(408)
31
(474)
32
(464)
37
(971)
40
(940)
31
(823)
31
(619)
36
(516)
30
(375)
35
(706)
36
(712)
35
(660)
31
(552)
30
(695)
35
(572)
37
(583)
34
(410)
30
(441)
** 31
(322)
39
(844)
37
(2128)
30
(1235)
68-95 Percentile 32
(208)
37
(654)
28
(311)
23
(384)
31
(540)
34
(663)
23
(287)
29
(445)
32
(400)
27
(402)
34
(498)
27
(700)
25
(585)
30
(808)
27
(536)
25
(361)
28
(357)
26
(517)
27
(540)
30
(553)
31
(550)
30
(696)
29
(486)
25
(393)
26
(317)
26
(386)
** 23
(245)
23
(494)
27
(1512)
35
(1461)
96-100 Percentile 13
(84)
4
(65)
7
(74)
8
(134)
3
(57)
5
(92)
5
(63)
7
(106)
6
(71)
5
(79)
4
(54)
5
(132)
4
(93)
5
(139)
7
(146)
5
(77)
8
(96)
6
(112)
4
(86)
3
(47)
4
(79)
5
(118)
4
(69)
5
(72)
8
(92)
5
(82)
** 11
(120)
7
(147)
5
(275)
3
(141)
N 655 1747 1096 1699 1743 1931 1229 1509 1246 1507 1450 2612 2363 2653 2000 1424 1253 1990 1985 1862 1792 2283 1648 1559 1215 1492 0 1054 2168 5699 4171

Percentage Within Study Year
Table 1A.9.

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Note:

Income percentile categories were constructed from NES survey data for family income. For each study year, the survey variable's original codes describing income ranges, was approximated as closely as possible to fit within this percentage group version. Note that prior to 1972, an estimate of the current year's income was given by the respondent; in all later years, the respondent's estimate of income was for previous year.

2012 and 2016 data are for the combined (face-to-face and internet) sample.

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