The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Average Feeling Thermometer Toward Parties 1978-2012
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      DEMOCRATIC PARTY


  AVG. OF GROUP: '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 61 59 60 60 60 58 59 56 52 55 57 56 ** 56 54 49
Females 64 62 65 63 64 63 64 61 57 62 62 61 ** 60 59 54
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
White non-Hispanic 61 58 61 59 60 57 59 56 50 55 55 55 ** 54 52 46
Black non-Hispanic 75 78 80 79 77 78 74 73 75 76 80 77 ** 73 78 77
Hispanic 69 69 71 68 66 68 67 66 63 68 70 63 ** 64 66 62
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 66 59 67 60 65 70 62 63 55 60 63 62 ** 59 61 51
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 72 72 74 71 73 71 71 71 69 72 71 62 ** 73 73 59
High School Diploma 64 62 65 63 64 63 63 62 57 61 62 61 ** 61 59 54
Some College, no Degree 58 57 60 60 60 58 60 56 52 57 59 57 ** 56 57 52
College Degree/ Post-grad 56 54 56 58 59 56 56 52 49 53 54 56 ** 55 52 48
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 69 70 71 71 70 67 65 67 61 67 63 67 ** 64 66 56
Income 17-33 Percentile 66 63 66 66 66 63 67 64 62 65 66 60 ** 63 64 57
Income 34-67 Percentile 61 60 64 61 62 61 62 59 52 59 61 56 ** 58 57 51
Income 68-95 Percentile 60 56 59 59 58 57 58 53 49 50 55 58 ** 54 49 48
Income 96-100 Percentile 56 47 51 55 54 49 48 47 46 53 52 54 ** 52 45 47
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 58 56 58 59 59 58 59 54 51 54 57 57 ** 58 ** **
White Collar 62 59 60 61 61 59 60 58 53 58 60 59 ** 57 ** **
Blue Collar 66 65 67 66 66 64 63 63 57 63 64 60 ** 60 ** **
Unskilled 68 66 69 64 67 69 67 59 58 63 58 66 ** 67 ** **
Farmers 65 56 61 57 64 56 60 55 59 53 60 55 ** 65 ** **
Housewives 61 61 66 59 62 62 65 60 53 54 55 58 ** 52 ** **
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 66 63 66 64 65 65 63 61 60 62 61 62 ** 63 59 53
Non-Union Households 61 60 62 61 62 60 61 58 53 58 60 58 ** 57 57 51
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 64 64 68 64 66 63 65 62 56 60 61 58 ** 60 54 51
Nonsouth 61 59 61 61 61 60 60 58 54 57 59 59 ** 58 59 52
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 56
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 60 53 58 57 62 ** 60 58 52
Born 1959-1974 57 60 59 59 60 60 59 57 53 58 59 56 ** 57 57 52
Born 1943-1958 60 58 62 60 61 59 60 57 52 56 57 58 ** 56 55 49
Born 1927-1942 62 59 63 64 62 62 62 58 57 61 65 59 ** 60 55 49
Born 1911-1926 65 66 67 65 69 66 66 65 62 65 65 66 ** 70 64 55
Born 1895-1910 66 65 63 63 66 65 72 66 55 49 61 56 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 68 70 54 79 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 73 73 75 75 75 76 72 72 70 73 73 74 ** 73 73 72
Independents & Apolitical 54 53 51 56 55 53 52 53 51 53 54 52 ** 55 52 45
Republicans (incl leaners) 47 44 45 47 47 45 49 43 38 40 44 40 ** 41 37 29
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 65 67 71 70 70 69 67 67 68 69 67 69 ** 70 70 69
Moderates 64 62 64 64 64 64 62 59 59 62 60 61 ** 61 58 56
Conservatives 54 51 52 52 54 52 53 48 42 45 51 46 ** 45 42 34

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 2B.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 04NOV15)