The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Is One Party More Conservative 1960-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes, Republicans'


  % OF GROUP: '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 69 ** 64 ** 68 59 63 ** 62 ** ** ** 60 ** 63 51 63 ** ** ** ** ** 70 69 74
Females 55 ** 56 ** 58 44 53 ** 48 ** ** ** 48 ** 52 38 51 ** ** ** ** ** 65 65 71
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 63 ** 62 ** 64 51 58 ** 55 ** ** ** 58 ** 62 46 61 ** ** ** ** ** 71 72 78
Black non-Hispanic 43 ** 39 ** 60 47 49 ** 42 ** ** ** 26 ** 42 39 39 ** ** ** ** ** 52 45 57
Hispanic ** ** ** ** 43 62 64 ** 40 ** ** ** 38 ** 45 28 40 ** ** ** ** ** 58 54 61
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** 0 50 50 ** 71 ** ** ** 43 ** 37 54 59 ** ** ** ** ** 78 68 62
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 46 ** 43 ** 49 33 39 ** 37 ** ** ** 24 ** 30 18 21 ** ** ** ** ** 35 35 29
High School Diploma 59 ** 59 ** 58 46 53 ** 45 ** ** ** 45 ** 45 33 43 ** ** ** ** ** 53 49 60
Some College, no Degree 82 ** 64 ** 77 69 69 ** 65 ** ** ** 63 ** 69 51 66 ** ** ** ** ** 73 72 73
College Degree/ Post-grad 88 ** 89 ** 89 89 82 ** 87 ** ** ** 83 ** 84 80 87 ** ** ** ** ** 91 89 91
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 38 ** 42 ** 44 33 42 ** 35 ** ** ** 35 ** 36 27 33 ** ** ** ** ** 47 45 52
Income 17-33 Percentile 53 ** 56 ** 52 49 53 ** 46 ** ** ** 37 ** 51 35 46 ** ** ** ** ** 58 56 63
Income 34-67 Percentile 58 ** 59 ** 65 46 56 ** 51 ** ** ** 53 ** 57 43 58 ** ** ** ** ** 69 69 74
Income 68-95 Percentile 73 ** 67 ** 75 62 68 ** 65 ** ** ** 70 ** 73 59 73 ** ** ** ** ** 83 80 84
Income 96-100 Percentile 87 ** 85 ** 85 85 71 ** 87 ** ** ** 75 ** 82 70 84 ** ** ** ** ** 90 89 88
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 84 ** 73 ** 82 73 77 ** 75 ** ** ** 75 ** 75 66 77 ** ** ** ** ** 84 ** **
White Collar 71 ** 68 ** 67 55 57 ** 57 ** ** ** 50 ** 64 43 60 ** ** ** ** ** 68 ** **
Blue Collar 55 ** 51 ** 55 43 51 ** 48 ** ** ** 47 ** 43 32 45 ** ** ** ** ** 58 ** **
Unskilled 62 ** 38 ** 58 38 47 ** 34 ** ** ** 38 ** 33 41 42 ** ** ** ** ** 50 ** **
Farmers 60 ** 54 ** 62 48 55 ** 42 ** ** ** 31 ** 58 37 47 ** ** ** ** ** 56 ** **
Housewives 51 ** 58 ** 55 41 49 ** 42 ** ** ** 48 ** 49 42 46 ** ** ** ** ** 61 ** **
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 56 ** 53 ** 57 43 56 ** 53 ** ** ** 53 ** 61 45 59 ** ** ** ** ** 69 70 76
Non-Union Households 64 ** 61 ** 65 53 57 ** 54 ** ** ** 54 ** 56 44 57 ** ** ** ** ** 67 66 72
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 52 ** 52 ** 64 48 48 ** 47 ** ** ** 43 ** 47 33 47 ** ** ** ** ** 59 67 72
Nonsouth 64 ** 61 ** 62 52 60 ** 56 ** ** ** 57 ** 62 49 61 ** ** ** ** ** 72 67 73
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 64
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 62 ** ** ** ** ** 64 63 69
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 40 ** 52 35 53 ** ** ** ** ** 70 67 73
Born 1943-1958 ** ** 48 ** 55 47 60 ** 50 ** ** ** 59 ** 63 52 65 ** ** ** ** ** 73 70 77
Born 1927-1942 54 ** 55 ** 59 55 55 ** 57 ** ** ** 57 ** 56 47 57 ** ** ** ** ** 66 71 75
Born 1911-1926 66 ** 64 ** 68 51 60 ** 58 ** ** ** 54 ** 56 45 50 ** ** ** ** ** 46 40 74
Born 1895-1910 62 ** 63 ** 65 48 53 ** 49 ** ** ** 41 ** 48 27 39 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 58 ** 52 ** 56 49 50 ** 51 ** ** ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 55 ** 54 ** 60 44 51 ** 47 ** ** ** 44 ** 49 38 52 ** ** ** ** ** 62 61 68
Independents 57 ** 44 ** 50 42 42 ** 37 ** ** ** 33 ** 36 21 37 ** ** ** ** ** 37 39 49
Republicans (incl leaners) 74 ** 75 ** 73 67 72 ** 72 ** ** ** 70 ** 72 61 70 ** ** ** ** ** 81 83 86
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** 74 ** 77 ** ** ** 64 ** 69 67 74 ** ** ** ** ** 78 81 85
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** 55 ** 55 ** ** ** 49 ** 58 46 59 ** ** ** ** ** 65 59 60
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** 74 ** 74 ** ** ** 77 ** 73 63 70 ** ** ** ** ** 83 82 82

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2B.5.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)