The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Is One Party More Conservative 1960-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No, Both Same/ Don't Know'


  % OF GROUP: '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 21 ** 23 ** 24 24 23 ** 23 ** ** ** 27 ** 23 32 25 ** ** ** ** ** 12 14 16
Females 33 ** 31 ** 32 40 31 ** 34 ** ** ** 36 ** 36 44 36 ** ** ** ** ** 18 19 20
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 26 ** 25 ** 28 33 28 ** 29 ** ** ** 29 ** 28 38 29 ** ** ** ** ** 15 15 16
Black non-Hispanic 42 ** 43 ** 25 35 24 ** 31 ** ** ** 42 ** 39 40 37 ** ** ** ** ** 16 23 18
Hispanic ** ** ** ** 43 23 27 ** 36 ** ** ** 48 ** 35 38 38 ** ** ** ** ** 14 22 25
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** 75 38 50 ** 29 ** ** ** 43 ** 49 42 32 ** ** ** ** ** 15 16 28
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 44 ** 42 ** 43 48 45 ** 43 ** ** ** 55 ** 54 61 54 ** ** ** ** ** 28 29 52
High School Diploma 26 ** 26 ** 32 36 31 ** 36 ** ** ** 39 ** 39 44 42 ** ** ** ** ** 21 26 25
Some College, no Degree 10 ** 21 ** 14 18 16 ** 17 ** ** ** 23 ** 21 34 26 ** ** ** ** ** 15 12 18
College Degree/ Post-grad 9 ** 5 ** 6 6 8 ** 9 ** ** ** 9 ** 11 14 9 ** ** ** ** ** 5 9 6
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 50 ** 40 ** 43 52 39 ** 42 ** ** ** 44 ** 47 51 47 ** ** ** ** ** 20 26 31
Income 17-33 Percentile 35 ** 30 ** 39 36 30 ** 32 ** ** ** 41 ** 34 41 35 ** ** ** ** ** 18 21 23
Income 34-67 Percentile 31 ** 26 ** 25 33 31 ** 31 ** ** ** 32 ** 30 40 30 ** ** ** ** ** 14 15 16
Income 68-95 Percentile 16 ** 22 ** 19 22 18 ** 20 ** ** ** 21 ** 19 27 20 ** ** ** ** ** 6 12 11
Income 96-100 Percentile 10 ** 9 ** 9 9 14 ** 9 ** ** ** 16 ** 16 23 15 ** ** ** ** ** 6 10 10
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 13 ** 16 ** 13 18 12 ** 14 ** ** ** 13 ** 18 20 17 ** ** ** ** ** 7 ** **
White Collar 17 ** 19 ** 23 28 25 ** 26 ** ** ** 36 ** 26 39 29 ** ** ** ** ** 14 ** **
Blue Collar 31 ** 33 ** 34 37 32 ** 32 ** ** ** 36 ** 39 47 38 ** ** ** ** ** 24 ** **
Unskilled 29 ** 47 ** 26 25 20 ** 45 ** ** ** 43 ** 48 50 37 ** ** ** ** ** 12 ** **
Farmers 32 ** 37 ** 33 37 32 ** 43 ** ** ** 50 ** 27 34 40 ** ** ** ** ** 11 ** **
Housewives 37 ** 30 ** 37 43 37 ** 40 ** ** ** 40 ** 37 47 40 ** ** ** ** ** 19 ** **
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 27 ** 31 ** 34 35 30 ** 30 ** ** ** 34 ** 26 35 27 ** ** ** ** ** 14 13 15
Non-Union Households 28 ** 26 ** 26 32 27 ** 29 ** ** ** 31 ** 32 39 32 ** ** ** ** ** 15 18 18
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 35 ** 34 ** 28 37 32 ** 34 ** ** ** 39 ** 38 45 36 ** ** ** ** ** 19 17 18
Nonsouth 25 ** 25 ** 29 31 26 ** 28 ** ** ** 29 ** 27 35 29 ** ** ** ** ** 14 17 18
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 20
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 ** ** ** ** ** 19 20 23
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 43 ** 36 44 33 ** ** ** ** ** 11 14 17
Born 1943-1958 ** ** 33 ** 29 32 28 ** 32 ** ** ** 28 ** 26 30 24 ** ** ** ** ** 15 16 14
Born 1927-1942 32 ** 31 ** 31 28 27 ** 26 ** ** ** 31 ** 30 39 33 ** ** ** ** ** 17 17 17
Born 1911-1926 23 ** 23 ** 25 33 26 ** 26 ** ** ** 29 ** 31 39 36 ** ** ** ** ** 20 28 14
Born 1895-1910 27 ** 26 ** 27 37 32 ** 31 ** ** ** 40 ** 42 57 41 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 33 ** 31 ** 38 45 34 ** 29 ** ** ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 29 ** 30 ** 28 32 27 ** 26 ** ** ** 33 ** 34 35 31 ** ** ** ** ** 15 16 16
Independents 39 ** 39 ** 44 48 51 ** 52 ** ** ** 55 ** 58 71 53 ** ** ** ** ** 31 41 43
Republicans (incl leaners) 21 ** 17 ** 21 27 20 ** 22 ** ** ** 23 ** 19 30 23 ** ** ** ** ** 11 10 11
  '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** 12 ** 10 ** ** ** 19 ** 23 23 17 ** ** ** ** ** 9 9 9
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 ** 26 ** ** ** 33 ** 30 34 30 ** ** ** ** ** 14 19 28
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** 12 ** 12 ** ** ** 14 ** 16 22 19 ** ** ** ** ** 8 9 11

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2B.5.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)