The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Which Party Better Able to Keep U.S. Out of War 1956-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Democrats'


  % OF GROUP: '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 9 ** 15 ** 37 14 13 12 13 ** ** ** 29 17 24 20 16 ** 18 ** 12 ** 22 ** 41 48
Females 6 ** 15 ** 38 8 12 16 14 ** ** ** 25 19 22 12 17 ** 18 ** 11 ** 19 ** 43 50
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites non-Hispanic 7 ** 16 ** 35 9 9 12 11 ** ** ** 25 16 21 18 14 ** 16 ** 10 ** 17 ** 39 46
Black non-Hispanic 10 ** 13 ** 59 22 43 34 36 ** ** ** 38 31 35 4 28 ** 28 ** 23 ** 36 ** 53 67
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 23 19 33 29 ** ** ** 22 23 17 12 22 ** 20 ** 14 ** 19 ** 40 46
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 0 50 25 0 ** ** ** 13 0 16 21 32 ** 19 ** 2 ** 25 ** 50 64
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 8 ** 10 ** 34 8 15 18 14 ** ** ** 28 24 20 7 15 ** 21 ** 26 ** 24 ** 31 28
High School Diploma 7 ** 17 ** 40 12 12 13 12 ** ** ** 24 14 20 13 16 ** 16 ** 11 ** 18 ** 33 43
Some College, no Degree 7 ** 19 ** 39 11 12 15 16 ** ** ** 29 21 24 20 16 ** 18 ** 12 ** 21 ** 44 52
College Degree/ Post-grad 9 ** 18 ** 38 11 11 13 16 ** ** ** 29 18 28 19 20 ** 21 ** 10 ** 22 ** 56 58
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 8 ** 11 ** 37 8 15 14 21 ** ** ** 27 21 27 11 19 ** 21 ** 15 ** 23 ** 41 48
Income 17-33 Percentile 8 ** 11 ** 37 9 16 18 21 ** ** ** 31 19 27 11 18 ** 20 ** 15 ** 17 ** 38 50
Income 34-67 Percentile 8 ** 16 ** 42 12 11 16 11 ** ** ** 26 19 21 16 16 ** 17 ** 10 ** 18 ** 40 50
Income 68-95 Percentile 8 ** 20 ** 36 11 12 12 10 ** ** ** 25 17 21 22 15 ** 17 ** 10 ** 26 ** 47 50
Income 96-100 Percentile 7 ** 11 ** 36 10 9 16 7 ** ** ** 22 14 20 15 6 ** 11 ** 3 ** 13 ** 52 49
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 8 ** 20 ** 36 ** 11 10 13 ** ** ** 27 19 26 18 17 ** 18 ** 11 ** 20 ** 58 **
White Collar 8 ** 10 ** 36 ** 12 17 16 ** ** ** 27 12 21 16 15 ** 19 ** 17 ** 17 ** 37 **
Blue Collar 9 ** 17 ** 41 ** 15 17 14 ** ** ** 27 19 24 15 18 ** 19 ** 9 ** 23 ** 34 **
Unskilled 11 ** 17 ** 50 ** 26 36 23 ** ** ** 23 23 26 16 15 ** 15 ** 29 ** 26 ** 33 **
Farmers 8 ** 6 ** 24 ** 15 11 8 ** ** ** 22 9 9 16 16 ** 10 ** 0 ** 13 ** 40 **
Housewives 5 ** 15 ** 37 ** 10 13 10 ** ** ** 20 19 17 12 13 ** 17 ** 6 ** 16 ** 27 **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 9 ** 20 ** 47 16 15 18 13 ** ** ** 33 19 26 15 18 ** 20 ** 12 ** 23 ** 46 56
Non-Union Households 7 ** 14 ** 35 9 12 13 14 ** ** ** 24 17 21 16 16 ** 17 ** 12 ** 19 ** 41 48
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 10 ** 17 ** 35 8 15 13 15 ** ** ** 28 18 19 15 15 ** 19 ** 12 ** 20 ** 41 42
Nonsouth 7 ** 15 ** 39 11 12 15 13 ** ** ** 26 18 24 16 17 ** 17 ** 12 ** 20 ** 42 54
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** 7 ** 18 ** 51 53
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 34 15 24 15 19 ** 22 ** 11 ** 21 ** 43 55
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 42 18 17 16 17 ** ** ** 29 23 24 17 18 ** 19 ** 12 ** 21 ** 39 48
Born 1927-1942 6 ** 17 ** 45 12 12 12 13 ** ** ** 22 15 18 20 15 ** 13 ** 12 ** 19 ** 33 33
Born 1911-1926 7 ** 16 ** 37 10 13 17 10 ** ** ** 25 14 24 11 13 ** 14 ** 14 ** 19 ** 36 44
Born 1895-1910 9 ** 14 ** 33 9 12 13 15 ** ** ** 24 15 20 8 16 ** 14 ** 5 ** 6 ** ** **
Born before 1895 7 ** 13 ** 28 6 13 14 12 ** ** ** 33 0 25 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 14 ** 27 ** 53 17 21 25 22 ** ** ** 41 27 40 5 30 ** 27 ** 18 ** 33 ** 64 71
Independents 2 ** 3 ** 17 4 4 3 7 ** ** ** 11 2 9 8 7 ** 8 ** 7 ** 10 ** 14 20
Republicans (incl leaners) 0 ** 3 ** 14 2 2 1 3 ** ** ** 10 8 6 33 4 ** 9 ** 4 ** 7 ** 22 27
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 ** ** ** 44 37 47 11 33 ** 32 ** 21 ** 29 ** 66 78
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 12 ** ** ** 25 16 22 12 17 ** 14 ** 13 ** 25 ** 48 53
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 7 ** ** ** 20 13 12 27 9 ** 13 ** 6 ** 14 ** 32 31

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
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Table 2B.6.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)