The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Government Services and Spending 1982-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Cut Services/ Spending (1,2,3)'


  % OF GROUP: '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 40 35 29 32 29 32 43 37 32 26 ** 25 26 43
Females 26 23 20 21 17 20 28 26 21 13 ** 15 21 33
  '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 35 32 26 29 25 29 39 36 29 23 ** 23 28 46
Black non-Hispanic 15 10 11 11 9 11 16 10 18 5 ** 7 7 11
Hispanic 21 19 17 18 16 14 24 20 19 11 ** 18 16 22
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 0 18 25 27 25 21 42 21 26 17 ** 24 12 28
  '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 18 16 18 14 14 15 23 18 26 18 ** 8 6 15
High School Diploma 27 25 20 20 18 18 27 24 22 13 ** 17 16 31
Some College, no Degree 35 30 26 31 27 29 42 35 26 19 ** 19 29 39
College Degree/ Post-grad 49 41 32 39 34 40 49 45 35 31 ** 27 31 48
  '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 18 15 17 11 11 13 18 16 21 6 ** 16 14 22
Income 17-33 Percentile 29 24 22 19 18 19 28 21 18 17 ** 16 12 28
Income 34-67 Percentile 32 28 23 28 22 25 38 34 28 19 ** 20 24 41
Income 68-95 Percentile 41 36 29 32 29 33 44 43 30 25 ** 26 34 47
Income 96-100 Percentile 54 46 31 49 35 46 46 43 39 26 ** 29 42 51
  '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 42 36 31 35 30 34 47 42 33 26 ** 21 ** **
White Collar 38 31 26 29 26 28 34 33 22 14 ** 21 ** **
Blue Collar 26 23 19 19 18 20 30 23 24 18 ** 17 ** **
Unskilled 15 26 14 17 20 18 38 8 8 24 ** 12 ** **
Farmers 35 38 28 38 30 25 31 42 11 31 ** 29 ** **
Housewives 29 21 18 18 16 18 30 35 31 14 ** 24 ** **
  '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 30 25 18 21 18 24 33 25 20 15 ** 19 19 35
Non-Union Households 33 29 25 27 23 26 36 32 27 20 ** 20 24 38
  '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 36 26 24 24 19 25 34 28 25 20 ** 20 28 37
Nonsouth 31 29 23 26 24 26 36 32 27 18 ** 19 20 38
  '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 27
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** 8 19 17 18 10 ** 14 21 35
Born 1959-1974 23 23 20 19 17 23 33 30 27 20 ** 20 24 37
Born 1943-1958 33 32 23 28 27 28 39 35 30 23 ** 23 25 41
Born 1927-1942 37 31 29 29 24 26 37 32 25 18 ** 20 22 45
Born 1911-1926 31 25 22 26 23 25 37 28 26 19 ** 21 36 36
Born 1895-1910 30 20 25 22 16 28 24 29 8 56 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 0 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 21 15 15 17 17 14 22 18 19 7 ** 8 9 15
Independents 31 27 18 16 17 18 23 20 20 14 ** 17 10 29
Republicans (incl leaners) 52 44 37 39 33 43 54 51 39 37 ** 35 47 68
  '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 21 23 20 18 19 19 24 19 15 7 ** 7 8 17
Moderates 31 26 18 22 22 21 30 28 27 16 ** 15 17 29
Conservatives 54 47 41 43 38 46 58 52 40 43 ** 40 49 64

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4A.5.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)