The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Government See to Fair Treatment in Jobs 1964-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Govt. See to It'


  % OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 37 ** 39 ** 43 ** ** ** ** ** ** 21 33 ** 36 ** 29 ** 38 ** 36 31 38
Females 41 ** 38 ** 40 ** ** ** ** ** ** 18 27 ** 34 ** 31 ** 33 ** 31 26 38
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 33 ** 33 ** 37 ** ** ** ** ** ** 16 25 ** 30 ** 26 ** 30 ** 26 22 32
Black non-Hispanic 87 ** 82 ** 83 ** ** ** ** ** ** 39 55 ** 63 ** 60 ** 63 ** 60 58 68
Hispanic ** ** 56 ** 38 ** ** ** ** ** ** 18 29 ** 35 ** 31 ** 39 ** 43 33 42
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 75 ** 53 ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 27 ** 37 ** 32 ** 40 ** 36 41 43
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 45 ** 39 ** 41 ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 22 ** 28 ** 20 ** 24 ** 49 38 50
High School Diploma 37 ** 36 ** 37 ** ** ** ** ** ** 16 24 ** 31 ** 25 ** 34 ** 28 25 38
Some College, no Degree 33 ** 38 ** 44 ** ** ** ** ** ** 20 31 ** 35 ** 31 ** 33 ** 30 26 34
College Degree/ Post-grad 41 ** 45 ** 55 ** ** ** ** ** ** 27 46 ** 46 ** 42 ** 43 ** 45 35 41
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 44 ** 44 ** 47 ** ** ** ** ** ** 21 31 ** 39 ** 33 ** 40 ** 45 35 45
Income 17-33 Percentile 44 ** 34 ** 40 ** ** ** ** ** ** 16 30 ** 35 ** 32 ** 33 ** 26 33 42
Income 34-67 Percentile 38 ** 37 ** 39 ** ** ** ** ** ** 19 28 ** 36 ** 24 ** 30 ** 33 24 36
Income 68-95 Percentile 36 ** 39 ** 42 ** ** ** ** ** ** 21 34 ** 34 ** 33 ** 38 ** 27 26 34
Income 96-100 Percentile 32 ** 41 ** 41 ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 26 ** 35 ** 41 ** 49 ** 43 32 41
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 32 ** 38 ** 45 ** ** ** ** ** ** 24 39 ** 39 ** 34 ** 39 ** 42 ** **
White Collar 38 ** 34 ** 41 ** ** ** ** ** ** 16 28 ** 34 ** 34 ** 35 ** 25 ** **
Blue Collar 43 ** 39 ** 43 ** ** ** ** ** ** 19 26 ** 32 ** 26 ** 34 ** 33 ** **
Unskilled 56 ** 56 ** 58 ** ** ** ** ** ** 20 26 ** 35 ** 13 ** 31 ** 52 ** **
Farmers 43 ** 40 ** 43 ** ** ** ** ** ** 16 34 ** 22 ** 15 ** 37 ** 59 ** **
Housewives 38 ** 37 ** 34 ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 17 ** 34 ** 25 ** 26 ** 23 ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 46 ** 41 ** 41 ** ** ** ** ** ** 21 31 ** 34 ** 34 ** 35 ** 34 29 39
Non-Union Households 37 ** 37 ** 41 ** ** ** ** ** ** 19 29 ** 35 ** 29 ** 35 ** 33 28 38
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 34 ** 38 ** 43 ** ** ** ** ** ** 18 31 ** 37 ** 31 ** 34 ** 38 25 38
Nonsouth 40 ** 38 ** 41 ** ** ** ** ** ** 20 28 ** 34 ** 30 ** 36 ** 32 31 38
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 47
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 ** 33 ** 45 ** 35 27 40
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 28 ** 37 ** 27 ** 32 ** 33 28 35
Born 1943-1958 35 ** 39 ** 48 ** ** ** ** ** ** 21 34 ** 38 ** 35 ** 40 ** 37 32 35
Born 1927-1942 43 ** 43 ** 41 ** ** ** ** ** ** 19 27 ** 34 ** 28 ** 28 ** 26 27 41
Born 1911-1926 39 ** 37 ** 38 ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 26 ** 26 ** 28 ** 29 ** 44 28 49
Born 1895-1910 36 ** 37 ** 37 ** ** ** ** ** ** 11 19 ** 24 ** 20 ** 6 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 30 ** 22 ** 42 ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 45 ** 44 ** 46 ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 35 ** 42 ** 37 ** 44 ** 42 38 55
Independents 46 ** 35 ** 41 ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 20 ** 29 ** 20 ** 26 ** 32 18 30
Republicans (incl leaners) 25 ** 29 ** 34 ** ** ** ** ** ** 17 26 ** 27 ** 23 ** 26 ** 23 19 21
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** 65 ** ** ** ** ** ** 27 47 ** 51 ** 48 ** 46 ** 54 44 58
Moderates ** ** ** ** 36 ** ** ** ** ** ** 19 28 ** 35 ** 30 ** 37 ** 36 23 35
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 35 ** ** ** ** ** ** 18 28 ** 29 ** 25 ** 27 ** 23 25 24

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4B.8.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)