The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Respondent's Financial Situation Over the Last Year 1962-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Gotten Better'


  % OF GROUP: '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 38 ** 35 37 36 38 32 37 39 37 32 46 45 47 42 34 41 49 55 35 26 47 33 46
Females 32 ** 35 31 28 34 26 33 31 29 29 41 36 39 36 27 37 43 49 31 22 40 31 46
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 36 ** 35 34 31 36 28 35 34 33 32 46 41 44 38 31 36 44 49 30 22 43 30 43
Black non-Hispanic 19 ** 36 33 36 32 30 25 38 27 16 28 33 40 39 26 48 55 55 43 25 38 35 62
Hispanic ** ** 46 21 17 40 29 34 39 34 23 42 41 37 45 28 49 48 61 44 46 54 39 52
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 100 50 25 63 18 47 42 39 18 38 43 33 45 42 45 42 55 39 22 50 39 41
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 20 ** 22 20 22 27 20 25 20 26 18 19 20 20 22 14 31 27 43 19 18 25 26 39
High School Diploma 37 ** 38 33 33 34 29 33 32 28 26 40 36 41 36 27 37 41 47 30 20 40 30 42
Some College, no Degree 41 ** 42 43 34 48 29 42 42 36 34 51 43 49 47 34 40 51 55 36 27 48 31 46
College Degree/ Post-grad 50 ** 47 47 39 41 35 40 45 47 41 57 56 51 47 39 43 54 58 37 28 46 36 52
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 11 ** 21 14 19 28 21 23 24 24 19 27 27 32 34 21 35 42 47 19 ** 36 34 42
Income 17-33 Percentile 22 ** 26 25 20 34 23 26 32 27 27 33 33 35 31 24 34 43 45 27 ** 35 22 41
Income 34-67 Percentile 40 ** 36 34 33 37 28 36 35 35 30 46 40 44 41 33 36 45 48 35 ** 45 31 43
Income 68-95 Percentile 52 ** 45 50 39 43 35 43 42 40 38 59 53 51 44 38 47 55 60 43 ** 54 40 54
Income 96-100 Percentile 45 ** 48 47 64 31 35 41 51 39 40 61 72 64 63 42 55 59 60 48 ** 50 36 61
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals ** ** ** 45 42 40 31 39 42 40 39 52 47 48 45 37 43 54 56 36 ** 46 ** **
White Collar ** ** ** 34 30 37 28 41 38 33 34 45 42 42 41 32 40 47 49 33 ** 41 ** **
Blue Collar ** ** ** 34 35 34 30 32 34 28 27 40 37 41 35 28 37 42 49 32 ** 44 ** **
Unskilled ** ** ** 20 24 29 19 36 26 40 21 37 32 45 36 29 46 46 30 30 ** 44 ** **
Farmers ** ** ** 19 18 33 19 30 33 45 16 39 30 28 40 22 26 19 61 20 ** 43 ** **
Housewives ** ** ** 29 24 34 23 32 25 26 23 37 34 36 34 20 32 38 47 33 ** 38 ** **
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households ** ** 38 35 29 37 32 37 36 34 33 45 47 43 40 31 42 48 53 39 24 43 29 49
Non-Union Households ** ** 34 33 32 36 26 34 34 32 29 43 39 42 38 30 38 45 51 32 24 44 32 45
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 34 ** 29 31 32 37 27 33 33 35 29 41 39 41 41 33 42 54 54 32 26 48 36 47
Nonsouth 34 ** 37 34 31 35 28 35 35 31 30 44 41 43 38 29 37 41 51 33 23 41 29 46
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 52 68 63 43 35 53 43 56
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 41 43 47 60 54 61 54 43 48 60 64 40 32 55 32 46
Born 1943-1958 ** ** 66 60 45 53 39 48 49 41 39 56 50 52 42 35 43 46 51 33 18 41 30 41
Born 1927-1942 53 ** 45 45 39 39 30 35 29 30 24 40 34 33 31 20 25 28 36 23 10 22 18 30
Born 1911-1926 38 ** 35 33 28 27 23 25 24 24 19 21 18 16 19 11 18 20 32 12 6 18 14 27
Born 1895-1910 23 ** 23 13 18 21 11 17 16 19 22 16 13 19 15 17 8 24 19 32 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 7 ** 10 5 24 21 29 21 15 25 0 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 34 ** 36 33 31 33 29 31 35 33 26 32 37 35 37 25 43 52 56 39 23 33 26 60
Independents 39 ** 38 38 25 32 29 37 36 32 27 42 37 41 36 25 32 36 40 31 23 41 33 39
Republicans (incl leaners) 35 ** 33 33 35 41 25 38 33 32 39 57 47 52 43 39 35 40 49 26 24 56 40 33
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** 31 28 35 41 38 34 45 44 45 40 33 45 54 54 45 26 37 29 60
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** 40 26 36 34 32 29 39 39 41 41 25 38 48 53 35 24 42 27 47
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** 40 32 40 36 33 38 56 43 48 41 37 37 43 50 31 25 53 40 36

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4E.3.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)