The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Respondent's Financial Situation Over the Last Year 1962-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Stayed Same'


  % OF GROUP: '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 45 ** 41 45 33 41 28 34 27 24 30 30 30 31 27 35 34 29 24 54 48 25 19 8
Females 48 ** 37 48 35 42 33 36 31 27 33 27 34 34 30 35 33 30 30 55 53 25 17 9
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 46 ** 39 46 35 43 32 36 31 25 33 29 32 33 30 36 35 31 29 58 52 28 19 8
Black non-Hispanic 51 ** 39 45 30 30 22 30 22 31 29 28 33 28 26 34 30 21 19 48 53 21 13 7
Hispanic ** ** 23 71 0 50 32 17 19 22 23 22 37 32 29 31 27 27 25 44 33 12 16 8
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 0 25 50 25 24 24 17 17 36 31 38 44 19 24 28 33 19 48 50 18 14 8
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 56 ** 49 57 42 49 48 47 42 33 43 44 53 41 52 49 45 48 31 72 63 35 35 12
High School Diploma 44 ** 38 46 32 42 29 35 30 27 34 29 32 34 30 37 33 30 30 57 53 28 19 8
Some College, no Degree 45 ** 29 40 35 32 22 26 24 24 27 24 29 31 20 28 31 25 25 53 51 18 15 8
College Degree/ Post-grad 34 ** 33 36 29 41 26 33 23 16 27 24 27 27 25 36 33 28 24 52 44 26 18 9
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 62 ** 45 55 31 43 32 42 29 33 33 28 33 29 29 31 30 24 24 61 ** 21 14 7
Income 17-33 Percentile 52 ** 45 56 39 43 33 38 29 29 31 32 34 40 35 37 34 32 27 58 ** 23 17 8
Income 34-67 Percentile 44 ** 40 46 35 37 30 34 28 20 32 27 32 33 27 34 36 31 31 54 ** 27 19 8
Income 68-95 Percentile 32 ** 34 35 33 41 27 28 27 22 29 24 29 30 25 33 30 26 25 49 ** 19 16 8
Income 96-100 Percentile 47 ** 30 40 13 62 37 38 26 22 30 24 16 26 22 37 27 19 23 44 ** 24 21 10
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals ** ** ** 36 30 43 31 33 24 23 29 26 31 30 25 32 32 28 28 53 ** 23 ** **
White Collar ** ** ** 49 34 40 29 26 23 23 29 27 33 34 25 31 28 29 28 53 ** 29 ** **
Blue Collar ** ** ** 47 33 40 25 35 29 27 33 29 32 33 29 35 36 29 26 58 ** 24 ** **
Unskilled ** ** ** 55 16 50 36 35 40 32 26 22 34 26 34 35 32 23 37 47 ** 14 ** **
Farmers ** ** ** 65 51 52 57 48 37 16 36 38 35 47 29 42 53 48 27 53 ** 31 ** **
Housewives ** ** ** 49 36 45 37 41 39 30 37 33 38 35 40 49 34 37 34 55 ** 33 ** **
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households ** ** 35 47 33 37 28 30 27 23 29 29 28 32 32 33 32 29 28 53 50 23 15 8
Non-Union Households ** ** 41 47 34 43 32 36 30 26 33 29 34 33 28 36 34 29 27 55 51 25 18 8
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 48 ** 47 52 38 45 34 39 30 26 33 28 33 31 29 35 33 27 24 56 48 26 20 8
Nonsouth 46 ** 37 45 33 40 30 33 29 25 32 29 32 33 29 35 34 31 29 54 52 25 17 8
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 3
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 22 9 18 46 47 16 12 6
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 24 26 18 14 17 21 16 24 25 18 17 47 49 20 14 8
Born 1943-1958 ** ** 17 24 22 27 17 22 20 17 23 20 24 23 22 29 28 27 25 55 51 22 19 10
Born 1927-1942 33 ** 31 38 25 36 25 30 29 22 32 27 36 41 33 44 43 44 41 66 54 47 30 12
Born 1911-1926 43 ** 37 45 39 49 37 41 38 33 44 49 57 50 55 54 60 57 51 77 63 41 50 14
Born 1895-1910 56 ** 53 65 45 58 54 59 45 44 54 55 59 59 69 55 55 61 66 57 100 ** ** **
Born before 1895 69 ** 60 74 53 57 56 67 50 67 88 50 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 47 ** 38 50 30 43 30 33 28 26 31 30 35 35 30 35 31 27 24 51 47 24 17 9
Independents 39 ** 40 35 40 40 32 37 30 26 32 29 29 29 31 37 31 34 31 54 54 31 20 5
Republicans (incl leaners) 47 ** 40 45 39 41 33 36 30 24 33 27 31 32 26 35 37 31 30 61 55 25 18 8
  '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** 42 27 27 21 21 25 25 29 25 23 28 29 22 24 45 45 23 15 8
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** 39 32 32 27 24 36 29 33 37 26 38 35 30 27 56 53 24 19 6
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** 42 29 34 30 23 27 25 32 31 29 34 34 33 29 56 52 24 18 7

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4E.3.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)