The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Respondent's Financial Situation Over the Next Year 1956-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Get Better'


  % OF GROUP: '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 48 46 42 42 52 37 38 32 42 25 39 28 35 30 42 44 43 34 38 38 39 45 44 ** 43 40 38
Females 41 40 39 34 41 34 31 31 33 20 30 22 26 24 35 37 34 24 30 29 36 38 35 ** 36 33 36
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 43 41 38 39 43 34 35 31 37 21 33 23 29 28 38 39 37 25 33 30 35 38 37 ** 37 33 32
Black non-Hispanic 54 61 57 28 68 43 27 29 35 27 42 28 33 20 36 42 43 35 36 42 48 48 45 ** 48 51 62
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 50 45 33 33 45 46 31 44 20 47 39 40 36 39 43 43 54 46 ** 46 48 47
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 50 33 67 33 8 23 50 38 27 38 59 31 50 35 36 28 50 38 ** 39 30 32
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 32 33 29 18 29 16 16 14 20 10 20 11 14 11 15 18 14 12 21 21 14 28 13 ** 26 28 28
High School Diploma 46 45 43 42 49 40 36 34 37 21 33 23 30 21 35 37 36 27 32 32 36 39 36 ** 38 35 34
Some College, no Degree 57 54 55 41 55 47 40 39 47 32 43 31 33 33 50 47 46 34 39 37 40 46 41 ** 46 42 41
College Degree/ Post-grad 57 53 46 60 62 39 46 39 45 27 39 30 37 39 45 47 45 33 39 36 43 43 44 ** 36 34 37
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 30 30 24 16 22 22 20 21 27 19 30 23 23 19 30 37 34 31 35 33 40 42 33 ** 37 35 41
Income 17-33 Percentile 41 40 36 28 40 30 27 20 42 14 27 26 29 23 33 40 37 24 34 30 30 37 35 ** 38 35 41
Income 34-67 Percentile 48 47 39 43 56 37 36 31 36 23 34 23 32 28 42 42 37 30 34 36 41 42 43 ** 41 37 36
Income 68-95 Percentile 49 48 48 52 56 42 44 38 44 26 40 26 32 31 43 42 44 28 35 35 39 40 45 ** 43 38 35
Income 96-100 Percentile 58 55 57 45 52 48 46 56 38 37 38 29 41 37 50 47 41 38 32 36 26 43 42 ** 42 34 36
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 52 50 55 ** 52 ** 44 41 41 26 39 27 33 32 45 39 39 33 37 32 39 42 41 ** 40 ** **
White Collar 55 53 42 ** 50 ** 37 38 40 23 36 26 30 32 43 43 41 27 36 40 44 43 39 ** 41 ** **
Blue Collar 45 44 39 ** 50 ** 34 31 37 21 35 24 28 22 36 38 39 28 34 32 37 41 37 ** 37 ** **
Unskilled 37 44 40 ** 65 ** 5 0 38 34 38 28 40 31 27 48 33 38 26 15 25 56 40 ** 47 ** **
Farmers 34 29 28 ** 27 ** 14 5 16 16 22 20 23 18 32 45 35 24 24 30 21 46 28 ** 32 ** **
Housewives 40 36 35 ** 39 ** 29 28 30 19 26 19 24 20 28 32 26 17 26 26 23 35 36 ** 36 ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 45 42 37 ** 49 35 34 24 38 22 36 23 35 27 35 38 39 25 27 28 35 41 33 ** 39 32 38
Non-Union Households 44 43 42 ** 45 35 34 33 37 22 34 25 28 27 39 40 38 29 35 34 38 41 40 ** 39 37 37
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 43 43 40 34 46 29 34 32 39 20 36 22 32 29 38 39 39 30 38 35 41 44 40 ** 44 38 41
Nonsouth 45 43 41 39 46 37 34 31 36 23 33 25 29 26 38 40 37 27 32 32 36 40 38 ** 38 35 35
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 42
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 46 53 55 46 ** 55 47 49
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 47 40 33 55 58 53 45 50 48 57 54 52 ** 47 42 38
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 80 62 63 47 57 35 48 36 40 42 49 51 47 32 36 32 34 43 38 ** 34 29 29
Born 1927-1942 63 66 67 62 67 51 47 43 45 22 38 20 30 23 35 33 33 18 24 20 20 26 25 ** 20 23 22
Born 1911-1926 51 49 46 40 47 33 30 24 25 14 20 13 18 10 15 12 12 6 13 13 11 8 8 ** 25 12 15
Born 1895-1910 37 31 26 22 25 13 10 14 14 5 13 8 11 7 10 6 7 6 13 4 0 0 0 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 15 14 13 7 8 15 6 13 9 7 8 10 13 0 25 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 45 46 38 39 48 38 32 28 32 22 34 25 28 21 32 35 33 27 32 34 40 43 40 ** 35 34 47
Independents 40 34 36 32 44 41 37 29 41 21 35 27 34 28 41 43 38 29 35 31 35 38 41 ** 35 36 28
Republicans (incl leaners) 45 40 45 39 43 29 37 37 42 23 34 23 30 36 45 44 44 30 36 33 35 40 37 ** 45 41 29
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 40 26 41 32 37 33 43 44 44 37 35 46 42 42 51 ** 34 37 48
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 23 34 24 28 28 34 39 36 25 32 34 37 41 35 ** 39 34 35
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 42 21 39 22 32 32 45 41 44 29 39 33 36 41 39 ** 45 38 30

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 4E.4.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)