The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Are Government Officials Crooked 1958-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Not Many'


  % OF GROUP: '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 43 ** ** 48 ** 49 48 48 44 43 45 45 ** 50 ** 46 40 45 42 47 45 50 56 54 44 31
Females 44 ** ** 50 ** 54 51 43 40 38 39 38 ** 49 ** 44 40 43 36 47 46 48 55 53 40 31
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 43 ** ** 48 ** 51 51 48 42 41 42 42 ** 51 ** 48 42 44 39 46 45 51 57 57 44 29
Black non-Hispanic 54 ** ** 56 ** 63 41 24 32 27 38 37 ** 39 ** 33 32 40 33 42 49 46 48 50 34 34
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 36 36 47 34 47 38 43 ** 53 ** 36 39 46 43 56 46 41 54 37 37 41
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 100 38 44 69 71 56 33 ** 46 ** 40 33 47 53 62 50 32 55 54 27 22
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 39 ** ** 45 ** 48 40 39 31 29 36 32 ** 34 ** 28 33 37 43 56 47 22 38 60 46 41
High School Diploma 45 ** ** 50 ** 51 51 45 40 39 38 38 ** 46 ** 42 37 42 36 43 43 45 52 50 37 27
Some College, no Degree 48 ** ** 49 ** 54 54 50 46 46 43 44 ** 57 ** 50 40 46 40 45 45 53 57 58 40 28
College Degree/ Post-grad 51 ** ** 52 ** 59 60 53 57 52 55 54 ** 56 ** 54 50 48 43 55 51 56 62 54 49 37
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 42 ** ** 41 ** 50 39 39 38 34 33 35 ** 42 ** 32 33 38 36 49 42 39 ** 54 35 32
Income 17-33 Percentile 43 ** ** 53 ** 54 48 41 32 34 40 38 ** 47 ** 42 35 41 35 48 46 46 ** 48 38 25
Income 34-67 Percentile 45 ** ** 52 ** 54 53 47 46 42 43 42 ** 52 ** 46 37 44 42 44 48 50 ** 52 42 28
Income 68-95 Percentile 45 ** ** 50 ** 50 50 49 47 51 48 47 ** 54 ** 53 48 47 41 49 45 51 ** 60 47 33
Income 96-100 Percentile 50 ** ** 49 ** 48 63 57 39 39 49 43 ** 56 ** 58 57 48 49 46 40 52 ** 55 52 46
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 44 ** ** 48 ** 53 56 50 46 45 47 50 ** 55 ** 51 49 51 45 52 50 55 ** 49 ** **
White Collar 48 ** ** 49 ** 56 54 46 46 44 42 41 ** 47 ** 46 43 42 34 44 47 48 ** 61 ** **
Blue Collar 43 ** ** 48 ** 47 44 41 39 36 39 39 ** 47 ** 40 34 39 38 45 42 44 ** 52 ** **
Unskilled 48 ** ** 56 ** 55 58 37 30 37 36 37 ** 44 ** 36 26 31 48 52 79 47 ** 55 ** **
Farmers 35 ** ** 47 ** 56 44 44 40 31 47 26 ** 45 ** 38 28 49 34 44 43 68 ** 36 ** **
Housewives 44 ** ** 50 ** 54 49 47 41 40 39 34 ** 51 ** 47 41 41 33 39 37 44 ** 57 ** **
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 40 ** ** 49 ** 47 47 48 37 41 44 41 ** 51 ** 47 44 44 38 46 44 52 58 59 31 29
Non-Union Households 45 ** ** 49 ** 54 51 45 43 40 41 41 ** 49 ** 44 39 44 39 47 46 48 55 52 43 31
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 39 ** ** 53 ** 54 46 41 36 34 39 38 ** 42 ** 39 34 45 39 46 44 44 53 52 38 30
Nonsouth 45 ** ** 48 ** 52 51 47 44 42 43 42 ** 53 ** 47 43 43 39 48 47 51 57 54 44 31
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 32
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 62 42 43 43 48 62 47 41 29
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 43 36 ** 52 ** 48 41 44 39 45 41 44 56 54 40 28
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** 33 ** 59 51 47 46 44 44 41 ** 54 ** 48 42 45 35 45 44 53 54 55 43 33
Born 1927-1942 51 ** ** 51 ** 53 50 50 41 40 45 45 ** 47 ** 44 36 41 44 50 52 51 57 52 41 31
Born 1911-1926 42 ** ** 52 ** 51 46 44 39 38 41 41 ** 46 ** 38 37 43 39 53 53 48 45 70 46 36
Born 1895-1910 45 ** ** 45 ** 50 50 43 39 34 28 37 ** 39 ** 31 47 44 28 61 32 33 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 35 ** ** 43 ** 47 53 37 32 34 23 44 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 43 ** ** 50 ** 52 48 42 44 39 42 44 ** 48 ** 42 38 44 40 48 48 47 55 50 40 35
Independents 44 ** ** 49 ** 50 39 46 32 38 33 36 ** 45 ** 41 34 37 29 35 42 41 42 45 42 25
Republicans (incl leaners) 46 ** ** 48 ** 54 56 50 43 44 46 39 ** 53 ** 49 44 46 40 47 44 53 58 60 44 27
  '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 44 49 43 42 46 ** 53 ** 45 46 46 43 51 51 57 61 47 42 36
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 51 45 44 44 43 ** 49 ** 45 43 43 39 44 46 53 53 52 40 31
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 48 40 43 46 44 ** 53 ** 48 40 45 39 47 47 54 60 60 43 29

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5A.4.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)