The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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How Much Does the Government Listen to the People 1964-2004
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Not Much'


  % OF GROUP: '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Males 25 ** 32 25 24 28 31 27 40 41 28 ** 26 ** 24 ** 21 26 21 ** 22
Females 23 ** 27 24 24 27 34 29 42 40 31 ** 30 ** 28 ** 23 31 19 ** 20
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Whites non-Hispanic 25 ** 30 22 23 26 32 28 42 40 29 ** 25 ** 25 ** 22 28 20 ** 19
Black non-Hispanic 17 ** 20 43 37 41 36 34 37 46 34 ** 42 ** 35 ** 19 35 24 ** 28
Hispanic ** ** 21 50 30 34 27 28 33 33 29 ** 36 ** 22 ** 19 30 16 ** 18
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** 25 0 13 29 23 24 41 64 36 ** 36 ** 24 ** 25 31 17 ** 22
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 31 ** 37 42 38 43 42 39 52 49 34 ** 43 ** 33 ** 32 41 44 ** 25
High School Diploma 22 ** 31 22 25 28 36 30 46 43 34 ** 33 ** 29 ** 26 34 26 ** 23
Some College, no Degree 22 ** 22 12 17 22 27 25 34 43 26 ** 24 ** 24 ** 22 27 16 ** 23
College Degree/ Post-grad 20 ** 18 14 11 15 19 20 27 28 21 ** 16 ** 20 ** 11 18 11 ** 13
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Income 0-16 Percentile 29 ** 31 38 32 37 38 34 46 41 36 ** 38 ** 32 ** 27 31 26 ** 29
Income 17-33 Percentile 26 ** 33 32 30 37 36 30 39 43 29 ** 35 ** 29 ** 22 33 23 ** 20
Income 34-67 Percentile 24 ** 31 26 25 24 32 30 42 41 30 ** 27 ** 23 ** 25 31 21 ** 22
Income 68-95 Percentile 19 ** 26 15 17 20 28 25 37 42 25 ** 21 ** 23 ** 16 29 14 ** 20
Income 96-100 Percentile 18 ** 15 9 10 15 19 18 33 30 18 ** 18 ** 24 ** 12 8 13 ** 7
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Professionals 24 ** 22 13 16 22 25 27 35 33 24 ** 25 ** 21 ** 14 24 13 ** 18
White Collar 23 ** 31 21 20 21 28 25 38 43 31 ** 25 ** 23 ** 26 30 22 ** 17
Blue Collar 26 ** 34 27 29 32 40 32 45 45 33 ** 32 ** 30 ** 26 36 27 ** 28
Unskilled 22 ** 35 40 29 32 32 36 33 45 29 ** 33 ** 30 ** 37 37 38 ** 32
Farmers 36 ** 37 49 40 33 35 25 45 40 38 ** 27 ** 22 ** 35 0 8 ** 14
Housewives 20 ** 28 26 25 27 33 27 47 43 28 ** 29 ** 31 ** 17 30 15 ** 12
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Union Households 19 ** 32 21 25 26 33 30 42 47 34 ** 25 ** 25 ** 23 28 16 ** 23
Non-Union Households 25 ** 28 25 24 28 33 28 41 39 29 ** 29 ** 26 ** 21 29 21 ** 20
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
South 30 ** 32 30 28 31 36 31 41 40 31 ** 32 ** 29 ** 21 28 24 ** 19
Nonsouth 22 ** 28 22 23 26 32 27 41 41 29 ** 26 ** 25 ** 23 29 18 ** 21
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 46 ** 17 28 19 ** 23
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 27 25 34 30 ** 29 ** 24 ** 21 25 19 ** 19
Born 1943-1958 33 ** 23 19 18 24 29 26 37 44 27 ** 26 ** 25 ** 20 30 19 ** 18
Born 1927-1942 18 ** 28 20 22 27 31 28 44 37 33 ** 25 ** 28 ** 24 32 22 ** 23
Born 1911-1926 23 ** 28 20 26 27 36 30 46 43 30 ** 34 ** 29 ** 23 30 29 ** 27
Born 1895-1910 29 ** 35 35 34 37 37 34 47 35 30 ** 37 ** 33 ** 47 79 0 ** **
Born before 1895 33 ** 30 42 33 30 43 44 50 50 25 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Democrats (incl leaners) 21 ** 30 27 28 27 33 26 39 41 34 ** 34 ** 26 ** 21 28 19 ** 27
Independents 33 ** 36 30 28 37 38 32 42 45 31 ** 38 ** 35 ** 24 34 31 ** 28
Republicans (incl leaners) 27 ** 27 18 17 22 29 30 43 38 24 ** 19 ** 24 ** 23 28 18 ** 12
  '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Liberals ** ** ** ** 24 25 27 25 34 37 29 ** 29 ** 23 ** 18 25 7 ** 21
Moderates ** ** ** ** 22 21 30 25 38 40 28 ** 24 ** 25 ** 21 26 15 ** 23
Conservatives ** ** ** ** 17 25 31 29 41 36 24 ** 23 ** 24 ** 18 27 21 ** 11

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 5C.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)