The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Has Republican Presidential Candidate Made Respondent Feel Hopeful 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes, Have Felt'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 50 ** 62 ** 39 ** 50 ** 38 ** 47 ** 57 47 41
Females 46 ** 59 ** 39 ** 47 ** 32 ** 40 ** 54 44 39
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 53 ** 65 ** 43 ** 53 ** 39 ** 47 ** 62 51 48
Black non-Hispanic 17 ** 33 ** 23 ** 28 ** 13 ** 23 ** 30 17 10
Hispanic 40 ** 56 ** 33 ** 42 ** 30 ** 41 ** 48 37 25
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 38 ** 55 ** 23 ** 45 ** 31 ** 45 ** 53 41 34
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 32 ** 40 ** 32 ** 38 ** 29 ** 38 ** 33 42 30
High School Diploma 47 ** 58 ** 36 ** 45 ** 29 ** 41 ** 55 39 36
Some College, no Degree 53 ** 69 ** 43 ** 53 ** 37 ** 43 ** 59 47 42
College Degree/ Post-grad 56 ** 67 ** 46 ** 53 ** 45 ** 49 ** 55 53 43
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 37 ** 48 ** 32 ** 36 ** 25 ** 34 ** 46 32 28
Income 17-33 Percentile 44 ** 50 ** 40 ** 45 ** 25 ** 43 ** 48 39 36
Income 34-67 Percentile 49 ** 64 ** 39 ** 51 ** 34 ** 44 ** 59 43 41
Income 68-95 Percentile 55 ** 68 ** 45 ** 54 ** 44 ** 44 ** 63 57 46
Income 96-100 Percentile 68 ** 82 ** 53 ** 58 ** 57 ** 61 ** 60 65 50
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 53 ** 70 ** 41 ** 54 ** 42 ** 47 ** 52 ** **
White Collar 50 ** 62 ** 44 ** 50 ** 32 ** 43 ** 61 ** **
Blue Collar 42 ** 53 ** 36 ** 45 ** 30 ** 41 ** 53 ** **
Unskilled 42 ** 50 ** 43 ** 35 ** 37 ** 49 ** 56 ** **
Farmers 58 ** 61 ** 31 ** 50 ** 34 ** 44 ** 63 ** **
Housewives 51 ** 62 ** 39 ** 45 ** 42 ** 41 ** 61 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 42 ** 54 ** 35 ** 43 ** 28 ** 40 ** 48 42 35
Non-Union Households 50 ** 62 ** 40 ** 49 ** 36 ** 44 ** 57 46 41
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 48 ** 57 ** 41 ** 48 ** 31 ** 49 ** 57 51 44
Nonsouth 48 ** 61 ** 38 ** 49 ** 37 ** 41 ** 55 41 38
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 ** 22 ** 30 ** 46 34 32
Born 1959-1974 42 ** 59 ** 39 ** 49 ** 29 ** 46 ** 60 45 38
Born 1943-1958 44 ** 64 ** 39 ** 51 ** 39 ** 47 ** 60 50 46
Born 1927-1942 56 ** 63 ** 40 ** 50 ** 39 ** 44 ** 53 58 54
Born 1911-1926 49 ** 54 ** 41 ** 45 ** 38 ** 42 ** 48 54 52
Born 1895-1910 49 ** 56 ** 36 ** 34 ** 59 ** 45 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 33 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 31 ** 41 ** 21 ** 35 ** 15 ** 22 ** 30 24 12
Independents 41 ** 55 ** 30 ** 39 ** 21 ** 37 ** 48 36 27
Republicans (incl leaners) 78 ** 85 ** 63 ** 70 ** 65 ** 75 ** 88 77 78
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 32 ** 46 ** 23 ** 36 ** 16 ** 18 ** 29 26 13
Moderates 50 ** 62 ** 38 ** 48 ** 31 ** 40 ** 50 43 29
Conservatives 70 ** 79 ** 55 ** 64 ** 61 ** 63 ** 81 75 70

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 7B.7.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)