The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Strength of Partisanship 1952-2012

  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Independent : 9 11 13 11 12 12 9 13 12 14 15 18 15 16 15 13 13 14 12 12 13 12 10 12 13 9 10 11 14
Leaning Independent: 17 15 15 12 13 13 15 16 19 18 22 22 22 24 22 19 23 21 25 24 27 25 26 24 28 28 29 29 24
Weak Partisan : 39 40 37 39 39 40 38 43 40 39 39 35 39 37 37 38 35 37 32 34 32 33 34 34 27 33 28 28 28
Strong Partisan : 35 35 36 38 36 35 38 28 30 29 25 26 24 23 26 30 29 28 31 30 29 30 30 29 31 31 33 32 34
N   1784 1130 1757 1808 1911 1287 1550 1278 1553 1501 2694 2505 2850 2283 1612 1411 2236 2166 2032 1966 2474 1787 1710 1276 1797 1488 1197 2293 5894

PERCENTAGE WITHIN STUDY YEAR
Table 2A.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table  
Link to see 2012 data by mode  


QUESTION TEXT:

"Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a
Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what?"
(IF REPUBLICAN OR DEMOCRAT) "Would you call yourself a strong
(REPUBLICAN/DEMOCRAT) or a not very strong (REPUBLICAN/DEMOCRAT)?"
(IF INDEPENDENT, OTHER [1966 and later: OR NO PREFERENCE]:) "Do you
think of yourself as closer to the Republican or Democratic party?"


Graph of Response:


Percent among demographic groups who responded:

 
 
NOTE: Collapsed from the 7-point Party ID summary (Table 2A.1). The 7-point Party
ID summary has been revised in 2010 to conform, as much as possible, with
the December, 2009 ANES memo on its construction.

2012 data are for the combined (face-to-face and internet) sample.

In 2012 face-to-face administration, a response of 'Neither' to the
followup question "Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican
or Democratic party?" was a volunteered response (not read aloud by
the interviewer as an answer choice). For 2012 Internet respondents,
however, the 'Neither' choice was present onscreen as a response
option, and as a result more Internet than face-to-face Respondents
became recoded to Independent (middle category) in the 7-category summary.

This question is variable VCF0305 in the ANES Cumulative Data File dataset.
Consult the Cumulative Data File codebook for complete question text and annotation.
Weight variable VCF0009z was used to produce this table (see weight documentation)

(Table generated: 11NOV15)


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