The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

School Prayer (2), 4 point scale 1986-1998

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Christian Prayer Required"

  '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98
Males 9 7 9 10 9 11 8
Females 12 12 11 11 10 9 8
White non-Hispanic 8 8 9 8 8 8 6
Black non-Hispanic 21 16 19 21 18 19 14
Hispanic 13 16 7 13 14 17 12
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 13 14 11 4 15 17 2
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 24 22 23 24 19 31 22
High School Diploma 13 12 12 12 12 12 10
Some College, no Degree 7 6 7 8 8 8 5
College Degree/ Post-grad 3 4 4 5 3 3 3
Income 0-16 Percentile 17 17 15 19 12 16 12
Income 17-33 Percentile 14 11 13 15 13 16 15
Income 34-67 Percentile 10 9 11 7 9 9 5
Income 68-95 Percentile 7 6 6 5 6 5 7
Income 96-100 Percentile 3 2 0 6 4 2 1
Professionals 4 5 5 6 5 5 4
White Collar 9 6 9 8 9 8 5
Blue Collar 15 16 14 14 13 16 10
Unskilled 18 17 20 17 15 14 30
Farmers 11 7 8 14 8 23 19
Housewives 14 12 11 9 11 7 10
Union Households 8 10 8 9 10 9 6
Non-Union Households 11 10 11 10 10 10 8
South 16 16 16 15 15 15 12
Nonsouth 8 7 8 8 7 7 6
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** 0 8 0 5
Born 1959-1974 8 8 6 9 8 8 6
Born 1943-1958 7 8 6 8 10 9 7
Born 1927-1942 13 10 17 13 12 11 10
Born 1911-1926 15 15 17 13 13 17 12
Born 1895-1910 20 14 15 17 13 30 32
Born before 1895 0 ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 12 11 12 12 11 12 9
Independents 10 11 10 9 8 9 5
Republicans 8 8 8 9 9 7 6
Liberals 7 6 6 7 5 6 3
Moderates 9 6 10 8 9 11 5
Conservatives 10 10 8 10 8 7 9