The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Democratic Presidential Candidate Knowledgeable 1980-2008

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Quite Well/ Extremely Well"

  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '06 '08
Males 75 ** 78 ** 80 ** 82 ** 80 ** 83 ** 80 ** 77
Females 76 ** 83 ** 84 ** 84 ** 85 ** 84 ** 77 ** 78
White non-Hispanic 74 ** 80 ** 81 ** 82 ** 81 ** 83 ** 76 ** 72
Black non-Hispanic 88 ** 91 ** 89 ** 90 ** 95 ** 87 ** 89 ** 96
Hispanic 78 ** 84 ** 84 ** 85 ** 83 ** 87 ** 82 ** 85
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 67 ** 84 ** 94 ** 82 ** 76 ** 83 ** 81 ** 99
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 83 ** 84 ** 85 ** 83 ** 84 ** 79 ** 67 ** 71
High School Diploma 78 ** 82 ** 82 ** 84 ** 81 ** 82 ** 77 ** 77
Some College, no Degree 71 ** 80 ** 83 ** 83 ** 84 ** 83 ** 78 ** 74
College Degree/ Post-grad 70 ** 80 ** 81 ** 81 ** 85 ** 87 ** 84 ** 81
Income 0-16 Percentile 79 ** 87 ** 83 ** 87 ** 85 ** 81 ** 74 ** 85
Income 17-33 Percentile 77 ** 83 ** 86 ** 82 ** 83 ** 83 ** 84 ** 78
Income 34-67 Percentile 75 ** 80 ** 81 ** 83 ** 80 ** 83 ** 76 ** 76
Income 68-95 Percentile 72 ** 81 ** 82 ** 82 ** 85 ** 85 ** 81 ** 80
Income 96-100 Percentile 74 ** 79 ** 74 ** 79 ** 84 ** 84 ** 85 ** 58
Professionals 72 ** 79 ** 82 ** 83 ** 84 ** 85 ** 86 ** **
White Collar 70 ** 84 ** 82 ** 83 ** 85 ** 85 ** 72 ** **
Blue Collar 78 ** 81 ** 83 ** 84 ** 82 ** 82 ** 79 ** **
Unskilled 74 ** 81 ** 83 ** 73 ** 66 ** 81 ** 92 ** **
Farmers 76 ** 77 ** 80 ** 79 ** 97 ** 82 ** 91 ** **
Housewives 81 ** 84 ** 83 ** 83 ** 71 ** 78 ** 64 ** **
Union Households 77 ** 83 ** 85 ** 86 ** 86 ** 85 ** 83 ** 79
Non-Union Households 75 ** 81 ** 82 ** 82 ** 82 ** 83 ** 78 ** 77
South 78 ** 82 ** 85 ** 85 ** 84 ** 80 ** 78 ** 75
Nonsouth 74 ** 81 ** 81 ** 82 ** 82 ** 85 ** 79 ** 79
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 ** 82 ** 84 ** 88 ** 84
Born 1959-1974 77 ** 82 ** 81 ** 81 ** 79 ** 84 ** 79 ** 81
Born 1943-1958 75 ** 82 ** 81 ** 84 ** 84 ** 84 ** 72 ** 74
Born 1927-1942 72 ** 81 ** 83 ** 86 ** 85 ** 81 ** 79 ** 67
Born 1911-1926 78 ** 81 ** 85 ** 82 ** 84 ** 82 ** 74 ** 61
Born 1895-1910 78 ** 77 ** 81 ** 80 ** 84 ** 100 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 80 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 85 ** 89 ** 92 ** 92 ** 93 ** 90 ** 92 ** 90
Independents 71 ** 78 ** 81 ** 78 ** 77 ** 85 ** 67 ** 70
Republicans 62 ** 72 ** 72 ** 73 ** 69 ** 74 ** 65 ** 63
Liberals 78 ** 84 ** 88 ** 93 ** 93 ** 92 ** 90 ** 92
Moderates 78 ** 84 ** 82 ** 81 ** 81 ** 89 ** 81 ** 72
Conservatives 67 ** 75 ** 79 ** 77 ** 77 ** 73 ** 72 ** 67