The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Average Feeling Thermometer Rating Toward Congressional Candidates 1978-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Democratic Candidate"

  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Males 63 60 61 57 63 61 64 58 55 53 58 56 56 58 56 51 52
Females 65 61 64 60 66 64 66 61 57 57 61 61 57 63 60 54 56
White non-Hispanic 63 60 61 58 63 61 64 59 53 53 57 58 57 57 56 50 52
Black non-Hispanic 73 72 73 63 68 64 69 65 68 63 70 66 57 74 68 66 62
Hispanic 66 56 66 61 70 69 71 61 64 65 63 61 51 64 64 55 55
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 61 51 54 65 66 67 65 59 59 51 52 55 56 49 50 53 55
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 68 70 68 65 71 68 74 70 65 64 58 67 65 64 65 56 54
High School Diploma 65 61 65 59 65 64 64 60 57 57 60 59 56 62 58 51 53
Some College, no Degree 62 59 59 57 61 60 65 58 55 54 61 57 57 58 57 54 54
College Degree/ Post-grad 62 58 57 58 61 60 63 58 54 52 58 59 56 60 59 53 56
Income 0-16 Percentile 68 68 68 62 68 66 68 62 62 58 59 62 ** 64 62 53 55
Income 17-33 Percentile 64 60 65 61 68 67 67 63 62 61 64 61 ** 62 61 54 56
Income 34-67 Percentile 64 60 64 60 64 61 66 61 56 55 59 57 ** 60 57 53 54
Income 68-95 Percentile 63 57 60 57 60 59 62 56 51 51 58 59 ** 59 56 51 53
Income 96-100 Percentile 59 59 55 49 62 59 53 53 52 54 58 56 ** 58 57 51 51
Professionals 62 59 59 58 62 61 65 58 55 54 61 59 ** 63 ** ** **
White Collar 62 60 61 59 63 63 63 61 54 54 61 60 ** 59 ** ** **
Blue Collar 66 63 65 61 66 62 65 60 58 58 59 59 ** 59 ** ** **
Unskilled 65 60 68 54 63 58 69 65 60 52 66 61 ** 66 ** ** **
Farmers 66 61 61 56 62 60 66 58 62 51 67 53 ** 62 ** ** **
Housewives 65 62 64 57 66 66 68 60 57 54 53 58 ** 59 ** ** **
Union Households 67 61 65 60 64 65 67 61 62 59 60 63 61 59 56 54 58
Non-Union Households 63 61 62 59 64 62 65 59 55 54 59 58 56 61 58 52 53
South 70 65 66 62 68 64 69 61 60 57 62 56 56 63 59 53 53
Nonsouth 62 59 61 58 62 61 64 59 54 54 59 60 57 59 58 52 55
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 51
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 55 50 52 55 56 55 57 56 51 52
Born 1959-1974 61 55 57 56 61 60 62 55 56 54 57 57 54 60 60 53 55
Born 1943-1958 62 58 61 56 61 61 63 58 53 53 60 59 57 59 58 53 56
Born 1927-1942 65 60 63 60 64 64 68 62 58 58 61 60 59 66 59 51 59
Born 1911-1926 67 65 65 62 71 65 69 68 62 60 65 66 63 73 61 53 66
Born 1895-1910 68 65 66 67 72 67 71 62 54 66 90 64 50 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 66 89 43 85 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 69 66 69 65 70 68 70 65 64 62 65 65 62 68 64 62 63
Independents 61 56 58 56 62 62 61 56 53 51 54 54 48 60 54 47 47
Republicans 57 53 51 52 55 55 57 52 47 46 51 49 50 51 49 42 45
Liberals 67 63 67 62 67 68 68 63 63 61 68 64 61 66 65 62 62
Moderates 64 62 63 61 66 63 64 60 59 57 58 61 58 64 59 54 55
Conservatives 60 56 56 54 59 59 60 55 49 47 54 53 51 51 50 44 46