The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

Average Feeling Thermometer Rating Toward Congressional Candidates 1978-2016

PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED : "Both Dem. & Rep. Cands"

  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12 '16
Males 58 56 56 55 56 54 58 55 53 55 54 54 55 55 54 51 52
Females 61 58 59 57 58 58 59 55 56 58 57 56 57 57 56 52 53
White non-Hispanic 59 57 57 56 57 56 58 55 54 56 56 55 57 55 55 51 52
Black non-Hispanic 60 58 64 54 59 54 60 57 64 61 58 58 55 62 59 54 51
Hispanic 58 55 61 55 56 55 57 57 58 55 56 54 55 60 56 51 52
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 58 52 53 51 60 56 58 50 50 52 50 54 53 50 50 51 53
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 62 63 63 59 56 56 64 56 61 58 59 56 59 58 58 49 50
High School Diploma 60 57 60 56 59 56 58 56 55 58 56 56 58 58 55 51 51
Some College, no Degree 58 57 55 55 57 56 60 54 54 55 57 55 57 55 55 52 52
College Degree/ Post-grad 59 55 56 56 55 57 56 54 52 55 53 54 54 55 55 52 53
Income 0-16 Percentile 63 59 61 53 59 56 60 54 56 55 58 53 ** 57 56 49 51
Income 17-33 Percentile 60 57 59 58 60 57 60 56 58 57 58 57 ** 59 55 52 51
Income 34-67 Percentile 59 57 60 58 56 55 58 56 54 55 53 54 ** 57 54 52 53
Income 68-95 Percentile 59 56 55 55 56 56 57 54 53 57 56 56 ** 54 54 51 52
Income 96-100 Percentile 57 57 54 51 56 62 54 53 52 54 54 57 ** 55 59 51 52
Professionals 59 56 56 55 55 56 58 55 53 56 55 55 ** 55 ** ** **
White Collar 57 59 58 57 57 58 57 57 53 56 56 56 ** 56 ** ** **
Blue Collar 60 58 59 57 59 55 58 55 55 57 58 55 ** 56 ** ** **
Unskilled 59 57 59 57 59 56 64 56 55 26 60 56 ** 60 ** ** **
Farmers 61 58 62 54 57 55 60 55 54 56 62 54 ** 59 ** ** **
Housewives 62 57 60 57 60 58 59 54 56 59 54 54 ** 57 ** ** **
Union Households 61 57 58 56 57 57 58 56 58 56 58 56 56 56 54 51 53
Non-Union Households 59 57 58 56 57 56 58 55 54 56 55 55 56 56 55 51 52
South 61 59 60 57 58 57 59 56 56 60 59 55 58 57 57 52 52
Nonsouth 59 57 57 56 57 56 58 55 54 55 55 55 56 56 54 51 52
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 51 50
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 55 55 65 52 53 58 54 54 50 49
Born 1959-1974 58 55 56 53 55 54 58 53 53 56 53 53 55 57 55 51 54
Born 1943-1958 58 54 56 55 55 55 57 54 54 56 56 56 56 56 54 53 53
Born 1927-1942 59 58 58 57 58 59 57 56 56 57 57 57 56 57 58 54 55
Born 1911-1926 61 59 59 58 60 59 61 61 58 57 60 60 62 62 54 48 51
Born 1895-1910 62 65 62 60 63 57 65 54 57 48 ** ** 58 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 70 68 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Democrats (incl leaners) 60 58 59 56 58 56 59 55 61 56 56 56 56 57 56 52 52
Independents 56 55 55 54 56 53 55 54 52 55 56 53 46 54 54 47 47
Republicans 60 57 56 56 56 57 58 55 50 57 55 55 57 56 54 53 54
Liberals 57 56 56 55 58 57 58 53 57 55 55 55 55 55 55 51 50
Moderates 60 57 58 57 58 56 59 56 57 55 55 55 56 56 55 50 53
Conservatives 60 57 57 57 56 57 57 55 50 57 56 55 58 56 54 52 54