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2002 Time Series Study

Updates & Errata

Current Dataset Release: November 16, 2005 Version

October 16, 2006
In the 2002 Time Series Study, four randomization assignment variables for alternate wording erroneously included all cases. The variables affected include V024412, V024413, V024415, and V024416.The following code (for SAS) will make the necessary corrections:

if V024410 eq 2 then V024412 = .;
if V024410 eq 2 then V024413 = .;
if V024410 eq 2 then V024415 = .;
if V024410 eq 2 then V024416 = .;
run;

October 13, 2006
V025019 variable label should be: ‘C2a1. State Registered if Not Residence’.
V025019a variable label should be: ‘C2a2. State and District of Outside Registration’.
Variable labels are present in the statement file, variable documentation, and codebook introduction.Two cases in V025019 coded “00.NA” should have valid codes.
In SPSS:

if V025019a = 1202 V025019 = 12.
if V025019a = 5109 V025019 = 51.

The variable documentation for V025019 and V025019a should be as follows:

    =============================================================================
    V025019     C2a1. State Registered if Not Residence
    =============================================================================

    IF R VOTED OR IS REGISTERED NONVOTER:
    IF R REGISTERED OUTSIDE OF COUNTY OF RESIDENCE:

    QUESTION:
    ---------
    In what county and state are you registered?

    MISSING CODES:
    --------------
    00. NA
    INAP. 9,0 in C1x; 5,6,8,9,0 in C2; 1,8,9,0 in C2a; no 2002 Post interview

    NOTES:
    ------
    ICPSR state code.

    TYPE:
    -----
    Numeric  Dec 0

    =============================================================================
    V025019a    C2a2. State and District of Outside Registration
    =============================================================================

    IF R VOTED OR IS REGISTERED NONVOTER:
    IF R REGISTERED OUTSIDE OF COUNTY OF RESIDENCE:

    QUESTION:
    ---------
    In what county and state are you registered?

    MISSING CODES:
    --------------
    0000. NA
    INAP. 6,8,9,0 in C2; 1,8,9,0 in C2a; no 2002 Post interview

    TYPE:
    -----
    Numeric  Dec

    NOTE:
    -----
    First 2 digits represents ICPSR state code; second
    2 digits are district number.

November 16, 2005
The 2002 Time Series Study data release of November 16, 2005 includes these corrections:

  • Variables from the ANES 2000 have been removed, as the 2000-2002-2004 Merged File is now available and better suited for panel work. The Full Panel File contains data from all three studies in the panel: the ANES 2000, the ANES 2002, and the ANES 2004 Panel Study.
  • All previous errata as of November 16, 2005 have been corrected. Since variables from the ANES 2000 were removed, corrections to these variables proved unnecessary.
  • Various codebook corrections and format improvements were made.

Previous Dataset Release: April 12, 2004 Version

October 11, 2005
To follow are some codebook and code label corrections for the ANES 2002 Pre and Post study.[1] For V024013c, the variable tag should read as follows:

PostAdmin.13c.Ending month and day

This change in the variable tag, from PostAdmin.12c to PostAdmin.13c, affects the codebook file (file: nes02var.txt) as well as the variable labels code files (files: nes02lab.sas and nes02lab.sps).

[2] For V024500b, the INAP code, “No 2002 Post Interview” should be removed from the codebook documentation (file: nes02var.txt) since “type of house race” is identified for all cases.[3] For V025148, the question wording documentation is incorrect in the codebook file (file: nes02var.txt). The condition met for respondents to be asked this question is documented incorrectly prior to the actual question test. The condition should read:

IF R WAS ASKED PRE L2D CLOSED SERIES (WORSE JOBS/LOWER INCOMES):

October 11, 2005
To follow are some codebook and code label corrections for the ANES 2002 Pre and Post study. These corrections affect variables from the ANES 2000, which are included in the enhanced data file for the 2002 Pre and Post ANES.[1] For V001000, the code labels in the codebook documentation should read as follows (file: nes02var.txt):

VAR 001000    Y29b. If had to choose class

      1. MIDDLE CLASS         --> SKIP TO Y29c
      3. LOWER CLASS (VOL)    --> SKIP TO Y30
      5. WORKING CLASS        --> SKIP TO Y29e
      6. UPPER CLASS (VOL)    --> SKIP TO Y30
      7. OTHER (SPECIFY)      --> SKIP TO Y30

      8. DK                   --> SKIP TO Y30
      9. RF
      0. NA; INAP, 0 in Y29; 1,5 or NA in Y29a

Corrections should also be made to the ‘formats’ files. The formats should be as follows (files: nes02_fmt.sas and nes02_cod.sps):

       VALUE V001000f
       1 ="1. MIDDLE CLASS"
       3 ="3. LOWER CLASS (VOL)"
       5 ="5. WORKING CLASS "
       6 ="6. UPPER CLASS (VOL)"
       7 ="7. OTHER (SPECIFY)"
       8 ="8. DK"
       9 ="9. RF"
       0 ="0. NA. INAP, 0 in Y29. 1,5 or NA in Y29a"

[2] For V001636 and V001636a, In the codebook (file: nes02var.txt), the word “afraid” appears where it should read “proud”. The corrected documentation for each is:

==============================
VAR 001636    S14d1. How often Clinton makes R proud

   IF R SAYS CLINTON HAS MADE R PROUD:

       How often would you say you've felt proud -- very
       often, fairly often, occasionally, or rarely?

==============================
VAR 001636a   S14d1x. Summ pre & post - how often proud

       How often would you say you've felt proud -- very
       often, fairly often, occasionally, or rarely?

October 11, 2005
For variables originating from the year 2000 data collection, in the codebook file “nes02var.txt” some introductory texts preceding specific questions or sets of questions were erroneously omitted. They are as follows:


A4 PRE
(Now I'd like to ask you about the good and bad points
of the major candidates for President.)

C1/C1.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 2 of the booklet.  I'd like to get
your feelings toward some of our political leaders and
other people who are in the news these days. I'll read
the name of a person and I'd like you to rate that
person using something we call the feeling thermometer.
Ratings between 50 degrees and 100 degrees mean
that you feel favorable and warm toward the person.
Ratings between 0 degrees and 50 degrees mean that you
don't feel favorable toward the person and that you
don't care too much for that person. You would
rate the person at the 50 degree mark if you don't feel
particularly warm or cold toward the person. If we
come to a person whose name you don't recognize, you
don't need to rate that person. Just tell me and
we'll move on to the next one.
TELEPHONE:
I'd like to get your feelings toward some of our
political leaders and other people who are in the news
these days. I'll read the name of a person and I'd like
you to rate that person using something we call the
feeling thermometer. The feeling thermometer can rate
people from 0 to 100 degrees. Ratings between 50 degrees
and 100 degrees mean that you feel favorable and warm
toward the person. Ratings between 0 degrees and 50
degrees mean that you don't feel favorable toward the
person.  Rating the person at the midpoint, the 50
degree mark, means you don't feel particularly warm or
cold toward the person. If we come to a person whose
name you don't recognize, you don't need to rate that
person. Just tell me and we'll move on to the next one.

F0 PRE
Now we would like to know something about the feelings
you have toward the candidates for President. I
am going to name a candidate, and I want you to tell me
whether something about that person, or something
he has done, has made you have certain feelings like
anger or pride.

G1/G1.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 3 of the booklet.  We hear a lot of
talk these days about liberals and conservatives. Here
is a seven-point scale on which the political views that
people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal
to extremely conservative.
TELEPHONE:
We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and
conservatives.

K1z/K1z.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 4 of the booklet.  I am going to
read a list of words and phrases people may use to
describe political figures.  For each, tell me whether
the word or phrase describes the candidate I name.
TELEPHONE:
I am going to read a list of words and phrases people
may use to describe political figures.  For each, please
tell me whether the word or phrase describes the
candidate I name.

L1/L1.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 5 of the booklet.
Some people think the government should provide fewer
services even in areas such as health and education
in order to reduce spending. Suppose these people are at
one end of a scale, at point 1. Other people feel it
is important for the government to provide many more
services even if it means an increase in spending.
Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.
And, of course, some other people have opinions
somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5 or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Some people think the government should provide fewer
services even in areas such as health and
education in order to reduce spending.  Other people
feel it is important for the government to provide many
more services even if it means an increase in spending.

L2/L2.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 6 of the booklet.
Some people believe that we should spend much less money
for defense. Suppose these people are at one end of a
scale, at point 1. Others feel that defense spending
should be greatly increased. Suppose these people are
at the other end, at point 7. And, of course, some other
people have opinions somewhere in between, at points
2,3,4,5 or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Some people believe that we should spend much less money
for defense.  Others feel that defense spending should
be greatly increased.

L3/L3.E/L3.T/L3.TE PRE
L3. FTF STANDARD VERSION:
Please look at page 7 of the booklet.
There is much concern about the rapid rise in medical and
hospital costs. Some people feel there should be a
government insurance plan which would cover all medical
and hospital expenses for everyone. Suppose these people
are at one end of a scale, at point 1.  Others feel
that all medical expenses should be paid by individuals
through private insurance plans like Blue Cross or
other company paid plans. Suppose these people are at
the other end, at point 7. And, of course, some other
people have opinions somewhere in between, at points
2,3,4,5, or 6.
L3.E. FTF EXPERIMENTAL VERSION:
Please look at page 8 of the booklet.
There is much concern about the rapid rise in medical and
hospital costs.  Some people feel that all medical
expenses should be paid by individuals through private
insurance plans like Blue Cross or other company paid
plans.  Suppose these people are at one end of a scale,
at point 1. Others feel there should be a government
insurance plan which would cover all medical and hospital
expenses for everyone. Suppose these people are at the
other end, at point 7. And, of course, some other people
have opinions somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5, or 6.
L3.T TELEPHONE VERSION 1:
There is much concern about the rapid rise in medical and
hospital costs.  Some people feel there should be a
government insurance plan which would cover all medical
and hospital expenses for everyone.  Others feel that
all medical expenses should be paid by individuals
through private insurance plans like Blue Cross or other
company paid plans.
L3.TE. TELEPHONE VERSION 2:
here is much concern about the rapid rise in medical and
hospital costs.  Some people feel that all medical
expenses should be paid by individuals through private
insurance plans like Blue Cross or other company paid
plans.  Others feel there should be a government
insurance plan which would cover all medical and
hospital expenses for everyone.

L4/L4.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 9 of the booklet.
Some people feel the government in Washington should see
to it that every person has a job and a good standard of
living. Suppose these people are at one end of a scale,
at point 1. Others think the government should just let
each person get ahead on their own. Suppose these people
are at the other end, at point 7. And, of course, some
other people have opinions somewhere in between, at
points 2,3,4,5, or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Please look at page 9 of the booklet.
Some people feel the government in Washington should see
to it that every person has a job and a good standard of
living. Suppose these people are at one end of a scale,
at point 1. Others think the government should just let
each person get ahead on their own. Suppose these people
are at the other end, at point 7. And, of course, some
other people have opinions somewhere in between, at
points 2,3,4,5, or 6.

L5/L5.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 10 of the booklet.
Some people feel that the government in Washington
should make every effort to improve the social and
economic position of blacks. (Suppose these people are
at one end of a scale, at point 1.)  Others feel that
the government should not make any special effort to
help blacks because they should help themselves.
(Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.)
And, of course, some other people have opinions
somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5, or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Some people feel that the government in Washington
should make every effort to improve the social and
economic position of blacks. Others feel that the
government should not make any special effort to help
blacks because they should help themselves.

L7 PRE
Next I am going to read you a list of federal programs.
For each one, I would like you to tell me whether you
would like to see spending increased or decreased.
The first program is:

M4/M4.E/M4.T/M4.TE PRE
FTF STANDARD AND EXPERIMENTAL VERSION:
Please look at page 12 of the booklet
Some people think it is important to protect the even if
it costs some jobs or otherwise reduces our standard of
living.  (Suppose these people are at one end of the
scale, at point number 1)  Other people  think that
protecting the environment is not as important as
maintaining jobs and our standard of living. (Suppose
these people are at the other end of the scale, at point
number 7.  And of course, some other peoiple have
opinions somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5, or 6).
TELEPHONE VERSIONS 1 AND 2:
Some people think it is important to protect the
environment even if it costs some jobs or otherwise
reduces our standard of living.  Other people think that
protecting the environment is not as important as
maintaining jobs and our standard of living.

P1/P1.T PRE
FTF STANDARD AND EXPERIMENTAL VERSIONS:
Please look at page 13 of the booklet.
Recently there has been a lot of talk about women's
rights. Some people feel that women should have an equal
role with men in running business, industry, and
government.
(Suppose these people are at one end of a scale, at
point 1.) Others feel that a woman's place is in the
home. (Suppose these people are at the other end, at
point 7.) And, of course, some other people have
opinions somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5 or 6.
TELEPHONE VERSIONS 1 AND 2:
Recently there has been a lot of talk about women's
rights. Some people feel that women should have an equal
role with men in running business, industry, and
government. Others feel that a woman's place is in the
home.

P2/P2.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 14 of the booklet.
Some people think we need much tougher government
regulations on business in order to protect the
environment. (Suppose these people are at one end of a
scale, at point 1.) Others think that current
regulations to protect the environment are already too
much of a burden on business. Suppose these people are
at the other end, at point 7.  And, of course, some
other people have opinions somewhere in between, at
points 2,3,4,5, or 6.)
TELEPHONE:
Some people think we need much tougher government
regulations on business in order to protect the
environment. Others think that current regulations to
protect the environment are already too much of a burden
on business.

Q0 PRE
Now I'd like to talk to you about Bill Clinton

Y6 PRE
Occupation/employment variables represent 5 series of
questions.  The question series initially assigned to R
in Y6(1) is determined by R's self-identification of
employment status.  The series occupation data are:
"UNEMPLOYED"             - past occupation
"RETIRED"                - past occupation
"DISABLED"               - past occupation
"HOMEMAKER" (nonworking) - past occupation
"STUDENT"   (nonworking) - past occupation
"WORKING NOW"            - current occupation
"TEMPORARILY LAID OFF"   - current occupation
Note: The final employment status summaries Y6(2)-Y6(3)
are built using both R's initial self-identification per
Y6(1) and additional information provided by R during
questioning.
The retired who are also currently working have data in
both the RETIRED and WORKING NOW series; the disabled
may have data in both DISABLED and WORKING NOW
series.  For homemaker and student Rs, the 1st question
in the HOMEMAKER/STUDENT series asks whether R is
currently working; if so, R is immediately transferred
out of that series to the WORKING NOW series (the
HOMEMAKER/STUDENT series not completed).
Since many questions are asked across multiple series,
data for common questions across series are "stacked"
into variables V000979-V000989; for these stacked
variables the following data are included:
PAST employment of all retirees [15,50,51 in Y6(1)]
PAST employment of the unemployed [40 in Y6(1)]
PAST employment of nonworking disabled [60 in Y6(1)]
PRESENT employment of working disabled [16,61 in Y6(1)]
PRESENT employment of Rs working now only [10,20 in
        Y6(1)] or working homemaker/student [17,18,71,81
        in Y6(2)]
NO data for nonworking homemakers/students [70,75,80 in
        Y6(1)]

D1/D1.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 1 of the booklet.
I'd like to get your feelings toward some of our
political leaders and other people who are in the news
these days. I'll read the name of a person and I'd like
you to rate that person using something we call the
feeling thermometer. Ratings between 50 degrees and 100
degrees mean that you feel favorable and warm
toward the person. Ratings between 0 degrees and 50
degrees mean that you don't feel favorable toward
the person and that you don't care too much for that
person. You would rate the person at the 50 degree
mark if you don't feel particularly warm or cold toward
the person. If we come to a person whose name you
don't recognize, you don't need to rate that person.
Just tell me and we'll move on to the next one.
TELEPHONE:
I'd like to get your feelings toward some of our
political leaders and other people who are in the news
these  days. I'll read the name of a person and I'd like
you to rate that person using something we call the
feeling thermometer. The feeling thermometer can rate
people from 0 to 100 degrees. Ratings between 50 degrees
and 100 degrees mean that you feel favorable and warm
toward the person.  Ratings between 0 degrees and 50
degrees mean that you don't feel favorable toward the
person.  Rating  the person at the midpoint, the 50
degree mark, means you don't feel particularly warm or
cold toward the person. If we come to a person whose
name you don't recognize, you don't need to rate that
person. Just  tell me and we'll move on to the next
one.

D2 POST
Still using the thermometer, how would you rate:

G1/G1.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 2 of the booklet.  We hear a lot of
talk these days about liberals and conservatives. Here
is a seven-point scale on which the political views that
people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal
to extremely conservative.
TELEPHONE:
We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and
conservatives.

G11/G11.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 3 of the booklet.
Some people think the government should provide fewer
services even in areas such as health and education
in order to reduce spending.  Suppose these people are
at one end of a scale, at point 1.  Other people feel it
is important for the government to provide many more
services even if it means an increase in spending.
Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.
And, of course, some other people have opinions
somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5 or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Some people think the government should provide fewer
services, even in areas such as health and education in
order to reduce spending.  Still others feel it is
important for the government to provide many more
services even if it means an increase in spending.

J2 POST
Next, I am going to ask you to choose which of two
statements I read comes closer to your own opinion.
You might agree to some extent with both, but we want to
know which one is closer to your own views.

K1 POST
Some people think that certain groups have too much
influence in American life and politics, while other
people feel that certain groups don't have as much
influence as they deserve.  I am going to read you a
list of groups, for each one please tell me whether that
group has too much influence, just about the right amount
of influence or too little influence.

K2 POST
Now we have a set of questions concerning various public
figures. We want to see how much information  about them
gets out to the public from television, newspapers and
the like.

K3 POST
Next, I'd like to ask you about the candidates who ran
for President and their running mates.  We're interested
in some of the things that people may have heard about
these candidates. The first candidate I'd like to ask
you about is George W. Bush.

K4 POST
Now take Al Gore

K5 POST
What about Dick Cheney.

K6 POST
And Joseph Lieberman.

K12/K12.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 5 of the booklet.  Some people say
that the best way to reduce crime is to address the
social problems that cause crime, like bad schools,
poverty and joblessness.  (Suppose these people are at
one end of a scale, at point 1.)  Other people say the
best way to reduce crime is to make sure that criminals
are caught, convicted and punished.  (Suppose these
people are at the other end, at point 7.)  And, of
course, some other people have opinions somewhere in
between at points 2,3,4,5 or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Some people say that the best way to reduce crime is to
address the social problems that cause crime, like
bad schools, poverty and joblessness.  Still others say
the best way to reduce crime is to make sure that
criminals are caught, convicted and punished.

K15 POST
Recently, there has been a lot of talk about campaign
finance reform. Some people believe that we should
protect government from excessive influence by campaign
contributors. Others think that protecting the freedom
of individuals to financially support political
candidates and parties is more important.

M4/M3.T POST
FTF:
Please turn to page 6 in the booklet.
Now I'm going to read several statements. After each
one, I would like you to tell me how strongly you
agree or disagree.  The first statement is:
TELEPHONE:
Now I'm going to read several statements. After each
one, I would like you to tell me how strongly you
agree or disagree. The first statement is:

N2/N2.T POST
FTF:
Please continue looking at page 6 of the booklet.  I'd
like to read you a few statements about public life.
I'll read them one at a time and please tell me how
strongly you agree or disagree with each of them.
TELEPHONE:
I'd like to read you a few statements about public
life.  I'll read them one at a time. Please tell me
how strongly you agree or disagree with each of them.

P1/P1.T POST
FTF:
(Looking at page 6 of the booklet)
Next, I'd like to ask you about equal rights.
I am going to read several more statements. After each
one, I would like you to tell me how strongly you agree
or disagree. The first statement is:
TELEPHONE:
I am going to read several statements about equal
rights. After each one, I would like you to tell me how
strongly you agree or disagree. The first statement is:

POST

Q1Q1.T

FTF:
(Again looking at page 6 of the booklet)
Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with these
statements about the government. The first is:
TELEPHONE:
Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with these
statements about the government. The first is:

Q2/Q2.T POST

FTF:
(Still on page 6)
Now I am going to read several statements about society
in general. After each one, I would like you to tell
me how strongly you agree or disagree. The first
statement is:
TELEPHONE:
Now I am going to read several statements about society
in general. After each one, I would like you to tell me
how strongly you agree or disagree. The first statement
is:

Q3/Q3.T POST
FTF:
(Not using the booklet)
People have different ideas about the government in
Washington.
These ideas don't refer to Democrats or Republicans in
particular, but just to the government in general. We
want to see how you feel about these ideas. For example:
TELEPHONE:
People have different ideas about the government in
Washington.
These ideas don't refer to Democrats or Republicans in
particular, but just to the government in general. We
want to see how you feel about these  ideas.  For
example:

R1/R1.T POST
FTF:
Looking at page 7 of the booklet, here is a list of
groups. Please read over the list and tell me the number
of those groups you feel particularly close to -- people
who  are most like you in their ideas and interests and
feelings about things.
TELEPHONE:
I am going to read a list of groups.  For each, please
tell me if it is a group you feel particularly close to
-- people who are most like you in their ideas and
interests and feelings about things.

R2/R2.T POST
FTF:
Please turn to page 8 of the booklet.
Now I have some questions about different groups in our
society. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on
which the characteristics of the people in a group can
be rated.
In the first statement a score of 1 means that you think
almost all of the people in that group tend to be
"hard-working." A score of 7 means that you think most
people in the group are "lazy." A score of 4
means that you think that most people in the group are
not closer to one end or the other, and of course,
you may choose any number in between.
TELEPHONE:
Now I have some questions about different groups in our
society. Imagine a seven-point scale on which the
characteristics of the people in a group can be rated.
In the first question a score of 1 means that you think
almost all of the people in that group tend to be
"hard-working." A score of 7 means that you think most
people in the group are "lazy." A score of 4
means that you think that most people in the group are
not closer to one end or the other, and of course,
you may choose any number in between.

R3/R3.T POST
FTF:
Please turn to page 9 of the booklet.
The next set asks if people in each group tend to be
"intelligent" or "unintelligent."
TELEPHONE:
The next set of questions ask about intelligence.
Again, please imagine a seven-point scale on which the
characteristics of the people in a group can be
rated. A score of 1 means that you think almost all of
the people in that group tend to be "intelligent."
A score of 7 means that you think most people in the
group are "unintelligent." A score of 4 means that
you think that most people in the group are not closer
to one end or the other, and of course, you may
choose any number in between.

R4/R4.T POST
FTF:
Please turn to page 10 of the booklet.
The next set asks if people in each group tend to be
"trustworthy" or "untrustworthy."
TELEPHONE:
Thinking about trustworthiness as a general group
characteristic,  please imagine a seven point scale
again.  A score of 1 means that you think almost all of
the people in that group tend to be trustworthy.
A score of 7 means that you think most people in the
group are untrustworthy. A score of 4 means that you
think that most people in the group are not closer to
one end or the other, and of course, you may choose any
number in between.

R5 POST
Although there are a number of qualities that people
feel that children should have, every person thinks that
some are more important than others.  I am going to read
you pairs of desirable qualities.

S0 POST
Now we'd like to talk to you about Bill Clinton.

S14 POST
Has Bill Clinton -- because of the kind of person he is,
or because of something he has done -- ever made you
feel:

S15/S15.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 11 of the booklet.
In your opinion, does the phrase 'he (is) ?'
describe Bill Clinton extremely well, quite well, not
too well, or not well at all?
TELEPHONE:
I am going to read a list of words and phrases people
may use to describe Bill Clinton.  For each, tell
me whether the word or phrase describes him extremely
well, quite well, not too well, or not well at all.

V5/V5.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 11 of the booklet.
I am going to read a list of words and phrases people
may use to describe former President George Bush.
For each, please tell me how well the word or phrase
describes him.
(FIRST TRAIT:) In your opinion, does the phrase 'he (is)
?' describe former President George Bush
extremely well, quite well, not too well, or not well at
all?
TELEPHONE:
I am going to read a list of words and phrases people
may use to describe former President George Bush.
For each, please tell me how well the word or phrase
describes him.
(FIRST TRAIT:) In your opinion, does the phrase 'he (is)
?' describe former President George Bush
extremely well, quite well, not too well, or not well at
all?

Y4 POST
Now, on another topic...
 

October 11, 2005
For variables originating from the year 2000 data collection, in the codebook file “nes02var.txt” some introductory texts preceding specific questions or sets of questions were erroneously omitted. They are as follows:


A4 PRE
(Now I'd like to ask you about the good and bad points
of the major candidates for President.)

C1/C1.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 2 of the booklet.  I'd like to get
your feelings toward some of our political leaders and
other people who are in the news these days. I'll read
the name of a person and I'd like you to rate that
person using something we call the feeling thermometer.
Ratings between 50 degrees and 100 degrees mean
that you feel favorable and warm toward the person.
Ratings between 0 degrees and 50 degrees mean that you
don't feel favorable toward the person and that you
don't care too much for that person. You would
rate the person at the 50 degree mark if you don't feel
particularly warm or cold toward the person. If we
come to a person whose name you don't recognize, you
don't need to rate that person. Just tell me and
we'll move on to the next one.
TELEPHONE:
I'd like to get your feelings toward some of our
political leaders and other people who are in the news
these days. I'll read the name of a person and I'd like
you to rate that person using something we call the
feeling thermometer. The feeling thermometer can rate
people from 0 to 100 degrees. Ratings between 50 degrees
and 100 degrees mean that you feel favorable and warm
toward the person. Ratings between 0 degrees and 50
degrees mean that you don't feel favorable toward the
person.  Rating the person at the midpoint, the 50
degree mark, means you don't feel particularly warm or
cold toward the person. If we come to a person whose
name you don't recognize, you don't need to rate that
person. Just tell me and we'll move on to the next one.

F0 PRE
Now we would like to know something about the feelings
you have toward the candidates for President. I
am going to name a candidate, and I want you to tell me
whether something about that person, or something
he has done, has made you have certain feelings like
anger or pride.

G1/G1.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 3 of the booklet.  We hear a lot of
talk these days about liberals and conservatives. Here
is a seven-point scale on which the political views that
people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal
to extremely conservative.
TELEPHONE:
We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and
conservatives.

K1z/K1z.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 4 of the booklet.  I am going to
read a list of words and phrases people may use to
describe political figures.  For each, tell me whether
the word or phrase describes the candidate I name.
TELEPHONE:
I am going to read a list of words and phrases people
may use to describe political figures.  For each, please
tell me whether the word or phrase describes the
candidate I name.

L1/L1.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 5 of the booklet.
Some people think the government should provide fewer
services even in areas such as health and education
in order to reduce spending. Suppose these people are at
one end of a scale, at point 1. Other people feel it
is important for the government to provide many more
services even if it means an increase in spending.
Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.
And, of course, some other people have opinions
somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5 or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Some people think the government should provide fewer
services even in areas such as health and
education in order to reduce spending.  Other people
feel it is important for the government to provide many
more services even if it means an increase in spending.

L2/L2.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 6 of the booklet.
Some people believe that we should spend much less money
for defense. Suppose these people are at one end of a
scale, at point 1. Others feel that defense spending
should be greatly increased. Suppose these people are
at the other end, at point 7. And, of course, some other
people have opinions somewhere in between, at points
2,3,4,5 or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Some people believe that we should spend much less money
for defense.  Others feel that defense spending should
be greatly increased.

L3/L3.E/L3.T/L3.TE PRE
L3. FTF STANDARD VERSION:
Please look at page 7 of the booklet.
There is much concern about the rapid rise in medical and
hospital costs. Some people feel there should be a
government insurance plan which would cover all medical
and hospital expenses for everyone. Suppose these people
are at one end of a scale, at point 1.  Others feel
that all medical expenses should be paid by individuals
through private insurance plans like Blue Cross or
other company paid plans. Suppose these people are at
the other end, at point 7. And, of course, some other
people have opinions somewhere in between, at points
2,3,4,5, or 6.
L3.E. FTF EXPERIMENTAL VERSION:
Please look at page 8 of the booklet.
There is much concern about the rapid rise in medical and
hospital costs.  Some people feel that all medical
expenses should be paid by individuals through private
insurance plans like Blue Cross or other company paid
plans.  Suppose these people are at one end of a scale,
at point 1. Others feel there should be a government
insurance plan which would cover all medical and hospital
expenses for everyone. Suppose these people are at the
other end, at point 7. And, of course, some other people
have opinions somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5, or 6.
L3.T TELEPHONE VERSION 1:
There is much concern about the rapid rise in medical and
hospital costs.  Some people feel there should be a
government insurance plan which would cover all medical
and hospital expenses for everyone.  Others feel that
all medical expenses should be paid by individuals
through private insurance plans like Blue Cross or other
company paid plans.
L3.TE. TELEPHONE VERSION 2:
here is much concern about the rapid rise in medical and
hospital costs.  Some people feel that all medical
expenses should be paid by individuals through private
insurance plans like Blue Cross or other company paid
plans.  Others feel there should be a government
insurance plan which would cover all medical and
hospital expenses for everyone.

L4/L4.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 9 of the booklet.
Some people feel the government in Washington should see
to it that every person has a job and a good standard of
living. Suppose these people are at one end of a scale,
at point 1. Others think the government should just let
each person get ahead on their own. Suppose these people
are at the other end, at point 7. And, of course, some
other people have opinions somewhere in between, at
points 2,3,4,5, or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Please look at page 9 of the booklet.
Some people feel the government in Washington should see
to it that every person has a job and a good standard of
living. Suppose these people are at one end of a scale,
at point 1. Others think the government should just let
each person get ahead on their own. Suppose these people
are at the other end, at point 7. And, of course, some
other people have opinions somewhere in between, at
points 2,3,4,5, or 6.

L5/L5.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 10 of the booklet.
Some people feel that the government in Washington
should make every effort to improve the social and
economic position of blacks. (Suppose these people are
at one end of a scale, at point 1.)  Others feel that
the government should not make any special effort to
help blacks because they should help themselves.
(Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.)
And, of course, some other people have opinions
somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5, or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Some people feel that the government in Washington
should make every effort to improve the social and
economic position of blacks. Others feel that the
government should not make any special effort to help
blacks because they should help themselves.

L7 PRE
Next I am going to read you a list of federal programs.
For each one, I would like you to tell me whether you
would like to see spending increased or decreased.
The first program is:

M4/M4.E/M4.T/M4.TE PRE
FTF STANDARD AND EXPERIMENTAL VERSION:
Please look at page 12 of the booklet
Some people think it is important to protect the even if
it costs some jobs or otherwise reduces our standard of
living.  (Suppose these people are at one end of the
scale, at point number 1)  Other people  think that
protecting the environment is not as important as
maintaining jobs and our standard of living. (Suppose
these people are at the other end of the scale, at point
number 7.  And of course, some other peoiple have
opinions somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5, or 6).
TELEPHONE VERSIONS 1 AND 2:
Some people think it is important to protect the
environment even if it costs some jobs or otherwise
reduces our standard of living.  Other people think that
protecting the environment is not as important as
maintaining jobs and our standard of living.

P1/P1.T PRE
FTF STANDARD AND EXPERIMENTAL VERSIONS:
Please look at page 13 of the booklet.
Recently there has been a lot of talk about women's
rights. Some people feel that women should have an equal
role with men in running business, industry, and
government.
(Suppose these people are at one end of a scale, at
point 1.) Others feel that a woman's place is in the
home. (Suppose these people are at the other end, at
point 7.) And, of course, some other people have
opinions somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5 or 6.
TELEPHONE VERSIONS 1 AND 2:
Recently there has been a lot of talk about women's
rights. Some people feel that women should have an equal
role with men in running business, industry, and
government. Others feel that a woman's place is in the
home.

P2/P2.T PRE
FTF:
Please look at page 14 of the booklet.
Some people think we need much tougher government
regulations on business in order to protect the
environment. (Suppose these people are at one end of a
scale, at point 1.) Others think that current
regulations to protect the environment are already too
much of a burden on business. Suppose these people are
at the other end, at point 7.  And, of course, some
other people have opinions somewhere in between, at
points 2,3,4,5, or 6.)
TELEPHONE:
Some people think we need much tougher government
regulations on business in order to protect the
environment. Others think that current regulations to
protect the environment are already too much of a burden
on business.

Q0 PRE
Now I'd like to talk to you about Bill Clinton

Y6 PRE
Occupation/employment variables represent 5 series of
questions.  The question series initially assigned to R
in Y6(1) is determined by R's self-identification of
employment status.  The series occupation data are:
"UNEMPLOYED"             - past occupation
"RETIRED"                - past occupation
"DISABLED"               - past occupation
"HOMEMAKER" (nonworking) - past occupation
"STUDENT"   (nonworking) - past occupation
"WORKING NOW"            - current occupation
"TEMPORARILY LAID OFF"   - current occupation
Note: The final employment status summaries Y6(2)-Y6(3)
are built using both R's initial self-identification per
Y6(1) and additional information provided by R during
questioning.
The retired who are also currently working have data in
both the RETIRED and WORKING NOW series; the disabled
may have data in both DISABLED and WORKING NOW
series.  For homemaker and student Rs, the 1st question
in the HOMEMAKER/STUDENT series asks whether R is
currently working; if so, R is immediately transferred
out of that series to the WORKING NOW series (the
HOMEMAKER/STUDENT series not completed).
Since many questions are asked across multiple series,
data for common questions across series are "stacked"
into variables V000979-V000989; for these stacked
variables the following data are included:
PAST employment of all retirees [15,50,51 in Y6(1)]
PAST employment of the unemployed [40 in Y6(1)]
PAST employment of nonworking disabled [60 in Y6(1)]
PRESENT employment of working disabled [16,61 in Y6(1)]
PRESENT employment of Rs working now only [10,20 in
        Y6(1)] or working homemaker/student [17,18,71,81
        in Y6(2)]
NO data for nonworking homemakers/students [70,75,80 in
        Y6(1)]

D1/D1.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 1 of the booklet.
I'd like to get your feelings toward some of our
political leaders and other people who are in the news
these days. I'll read the name of a person and I'd like
you to rate that person using something we call the
feeling thermometer. Ratings between 50 degrees and 100
degrees mean that you feel favorable and warm
toward the person. Ratings between 0 degrees and 50
degrees mean that you don't feel favorable toward
the person and that you don't care too much for that
person. You would rate the person at the 50 degree
mark if you don't feel particularly warm or cold toward
the person. If we come to a person whose name you
don't recognize, you don't need to rate that person.
Just tell me and we'll move on to the next one.
TELEPHONE:
I'd like to get your feelings toward some of our
political leaders and other people who are in the news
these  days. I'll read the name of a person and I'd like
you to rate that person using something we call the
feeling thermometer. The feeling thermometer can rate
people from 0 to 100 degrees. Ratings between 50 degrees
and 100 degrees mean that you feel favorable and warm
toward the person.  Ratings between 0 degrees and 50
degrees mean that you don't feel favorable toward the
person.  Rating  the person at the midpoint, the 50
degree mark, means you don't feel particularly warm or
cold toward the person. If we come to a person whose
name you don't recognize, you don't need to rate that
person. Just  tell me and we'll move on to the next
one.

D2 POST
Still using the thermometer, how would you rate:

G1/G1.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 2 of the booklet.  We hear a lot of
talk these days about liberals and conservatives. Here
is a seven-point scale on which the political views that
people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal
to extremely conservative.
TELEPHONE:
We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and
conservatives.

G11/G11.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 3 of the booklet.
Some people think the government should provide fewer
services even in areas such as health and education
in order to reduce spending.  Suppose these people are
at one end of a scale, at point 1.  Other people feel it
is important for the government to provide many more
services even if it means an increase in spending.
Suppose these people are at the other end, at point 7.
And, of course, some other people have opinions
somewhere in between, at points 2,3,4,5 or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Some people think the government should provide fewer
services, even in areas such as health and education in
order to reduce spending.  Still others feel it is
important for the government to provide many more
services even if it means an increase in spending.

J2 POST
Next, I am going to ask you to choose which of two
statements I read comes closer to your own opinion.
You might agree to some extent with both, but we want to
know which one is closer to your own views.

K1 POST
Some people think that certain groups have too much
influence in American life and politics, while other
people feel that certain groups don't have as much
influence as they deserve.  I am going to read you a
list of groups, for each one please tell me whether that
group has too much influence, just about the right amount
of influence or too little influence.

K2 POST
Now we have a set of questions concerning various public
figures. We want to see how much information  about them
gets out to the public from television, newspapers and
the like.

K3 POST
Next, I'd like to ask you about the candidates who ran
for President and their running mates.  We're interested
in some of the things that people may have heard about
these candidates. The first candidate I'd like to ask
you about is George W. Bush.

K4 POST
Now take Al Gore

K5 POST
What about Dick Cheney.

K6 POST
And Joseph Lieberman.

K12/K12.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 5 of the booklet.  Some people say
that the best way to reduce crime is to address the
social problems that cause crime, like bad schools,
poverty and joblessness.  (Suppose these people are at
one end of a scale, at point 1.)  Other people say the
best way to reduce crime is to make sure that criminals
are caught, convicted and punished.  (Suppose these
people are at the other end, at point 7.)  And, of
course, some other people have opinions somewhere in
between at points 2,3,4,5 or 6.
TELEPHONE:
Some people say that the best way to reduce crime is to
address the social problems that cause crime, like
bad schools, poverty and joblessness.  Still others say
the best way to reduce crime is to make sure that
criminals are caught, convicted and punished.

K15 POST
Recently, there has been a lot of talk about campaign
finance reform. Some people believe that we should
protect government from excessive influence by campaign
contributors. Others think that protecting the freedom
of individuals to financially support political
candidates and parties is more important.

M4/M3.T POST
FTF:
Please turn to page 6 in the booklet.
Now I'm going to read several statements. After each
one, I would like you to tell me how strongly you
agree or disagree.  The first statement is:
TELEPHONE:
Now I'm going to read several statements. After each
one, I would like you to tell me how strongly you
agree or disagree. The first statement is:

N2/N2.T POST
FTF:
Please continue looking at page 6 of the booklet.  I'd
like to read you a few statements about public life.
I'll read them one at a time and please tell me how
strongly you agree or disagree with each of them.
TELEPHONE:
I'd like to read you a few statements about public
life.  I'll read them one at a time. Please tell me
how strongly you agree or disagree with each of them.

P1/P1.T POST
FTF:
(Looking at page 6 of the booklet)
Next, I'd like to ask you about equal rights.
I am going to read several more statements. After each
one, I would like you to tell me how strongly you agree
or disagree. The first statement is:
TELEPHONE:
I am going to read several statements about equal
rights. After each one, I would like you to tell me how
strongly you agree or disagree. The first statement is:

POST

Q1Q1.T

FTF:
(Again looking at page 6 of the booklet)
Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with these
statements about the government. The first is:
TELEPHONE:
Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with these
statements about the government. The first is:

Q2/Q2.T POST

FTF:
(Still on page 6)
Now I am going to read several statements about society
in general. After each one, I would like you to tell
me how strongly you agree or disagree. The first
statement is:
TELEPHONE:
Now I am going to read several statements about society
in general. After each one, I would like you to tell me
how strongly you agree or disagree. The first statement
is:

Q3/Q3.T POST
FTF:
(Not using the booklet)
People have different ideas about the government in
Washington.
These ideas don't refer to Democrats or Republicans in
particular, but just to the government in general. We
want to see how you feel about these ideas. For example:
TELEPHONE:
People have different ideas about the government in
Washington.
These ideas don't refer to Democrats or Republicans in
particular, but just to the government in general. We
want to see how you feel about these  ideas.  For
example:

R1/R1.T POST
FTF:
Looking at page 7 of the booklet, here is a list of
groups. Please read over the list and tell me the number
of those groups you feel particularly close to -- people
who  are most like you in their ideas and interests and
feelings about things.
TELEPHONE:
I am going to read a list of groups.  For each, please
tell me if it is a group you feel particularly close to
-- people who are most like you in their ideas and
interests and feelings about things.

R2/R2.T POST
FTF:
Please turn to page 8 of the booklet.
Now I have some questions about different groups in our
society. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on
which the characteristics of the people in a group can
be rated.
In the first statement a score of 1 means that you think
almost all of the people in that group tend to be
"hard-working." A score of 7 means that you think most
people in the group are "lazy." A score of 4
means that you think that most people in the group are
not closer to one end or the other, and of course,
you may choose any number in between.
TELEPHONE:
Now I have some questions about different groups in our
society. Imagine a seven-point scale on which the
characteristics of the people in a group can be rated.
In the first question a score of 1 means that you think
almost all of the people in that group tend to be
"hard-working." A score of 7 means that you think most
people in the group are "lazy." A score of 4
means that you think that most people in the group are
not closer to one end or the other, and of course,
you may choose any number in between.

R3/R3.T POST
FTF:
Please turn to page 9 of the booklet.
The next set asks if people in each group tend to be
"intelligent" or "unintelligent."
TELEPHONE:
The next set of questions ask about intelligence.
Again, please imagine a seven-point scale on which the
characteristics of the people in a group can be
rated. A score of 1 means that you think almost all of
the people in that group tend to be "intelligent."
A score of 7 means that you think most people in the
group are "unintelligent." A score of 4 means that
you think that most people in the group are not closer
to one end or the other, and of course, you may
choose any number in between.

R4/R4.T POST
FTF:
Please turn to page 10 of the booklet.
The next set asks if people in each group tend to be
"trustworthy" or "untrustworthy."
TELEPHONE:
Thinking about trustworthiness as a general group
characteristic,  please imagine a seven point scale
again.  A score of 1 means that you think almost all of
the people in that group tend to be trustworthy.
A score of 7 means that you think most people in the
group are untrustworthy. A score of 4 means that you
think that most people in the group are not closer to
one end or the other, and of course, you may choose any
number in between.

R5 POST
Although there are a number of qualities that people
feel that children should have, every person thinks that
some are more important than others.  I am going to read
you pairs of desirable qualities.


S0 POST
Now we'd like to talk to you about Bill Clinton.

S14 POST
Has Bill Clinton -- because of the kind of person he is,
or because of something he has done -- ever made you
feel:

S15/S15.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 11 of the booklet.
In your opinion, does the phrase 'he (is) ?'
describe Bill Clinton extremely well, quite well, not
too well, or not well at all?
TELEPHONE:
I am going to read a list of words and phrases people
may use to describe Bill Clinton.  For each, tell
me whether the word or phrase describes him extremely
well, quite well, not too well, or not well at all.

V5/V5.T POST
FTF:
Please look at page 11 of the booklet.
I am going to read a list of words and phrases people
may use to describe former President George Bush.
For each, please tell me how well the word or phrase
describes him.
(FIRST TRAIT:) In your opinion, does the phrase 'he (is)
?' describe former President George Bush
extremely well, quite well, not too well, or not well at
all?
TELEPHONE:
I am going to read a list of words and phrases people
may use to describe former President George Bush.
For each, please tell me how well the word or phrase
describes him.
(FIRST TRAIT:) In your opinion, does the phrase 'he (is)
?' describe former President George Bush
extremely well, quite well, not too well, or not well at
all?

Y4 POST
Now, on another topic...
September 1, 2005
For the ANES 2002, there is a minor codebook correction for two ANES 2000 variables (which are included as part of the enhanced files). For variables V001592 and V001592a, code 5 is currently listed as “Much stronger”. Code 5 for these two variables should be “Much larger”. This change only affects these two 2000 variables.

March 22, 2005
For variable V021202, the 2002 Codebook reads: This represents the state and district identified for the Post instrument preload.The codebook should read as follows:
This represents the congressional district identified for the Post instrument preload.

That is, this two digit variable reports just the Congressional District. This correction only applies to the variable description. The variable label and data are unaffected.

May 19, 2004
V024424 and V024425 should include values only for post-election cases selected for M11c (V024424) or M11d (V024425) administration in the post-election wave. Randomization values for M11c and M11d were assigned to all cases but were used only when M11c or M11d was assigned to a case. The following recode will remove codes for cases which should be INAP:

if V024423 in(2,3,4) then V024424=.;
if V024423 in(1,3,4) then V024425=.;

April 28, 2004
Some of the case counts in the section “STUDY CONTENT AND ADMINISTRATION” are nonfinal counts. The paragraphs beginning “The Panel sample consisted…” and “The Fresh Cross sample consisted…” should read as follows:”The Panel sample consisted of 1807 cases, 1784 of which were considered Eligible, and 21 of which were considered Not Eligible due to being deceased. The Panel yielded 1187 pre-election interviews (597 non-response), 1070 of which went on to also provide a post-election interview (117 non-response).”

“The Fresh Cross sample consisted of 1175 cases, 926 of which were considered Eligible and 249 of which were considered Not Eligible due to being a disconnected or non-working number (105), a non-residence (66), fax/data line (67), or having no U.S. citizen age 18 or older (11). The Fresh Cross sample yielded 324 pre-election interviews (602 non-response), 276 of which went on to also provide a post-election interview (48 non-response).”

In the table which follows these paragraphs, the Pre eligible counts should read “1784” for the panel and “926” for the fresh cross; the response rate for the fresh cross should read “35.0”.

April 12, 2004
The 2002 Time Series Study data release of April 12, 2004 includes these corrections:

  • previous 2002 errata corrected (V023114x,V020102)
  • for 2002 panel cases, data are enhanced with variables from the 2000 ANES
  • panel variables V001019 and V001249 are corrected, and missing data definitions for V000082-V000086 corrected.

Previous Dataset Release: May 21, 2003 Version

September 19, 2003
The valid codes documented for V023114x should be:

  1. Strongly – feel that 2000 Presidential election was fair
  2. Not strongly – feel that 2000 Presidential election was fair
  3. Not strongly – feel that 2000 Presidential election was unfair
  4. Strongly – feel that 2000 Presidential election was unfair

May 22, 2003
One interview in the post-election portion of the dataset is missing a weight value.

If you are making use of the post-election weight, for case “874” only you should assign the post-election weight a value of “1”. In pseudo-code:

IF V020001=874 THEN V020102=1

May 21, 2003
This document lists a few of the differences between the ANES 2002 Advance Release (distributed February 28, 2003) and the ANES 2002 Full Release (distributed May 21, 2003). The list is not comprehensive, however, as there were numerous changes, corrections, and additions made during the Full Release processing that are not detailed below.

ANES Advance Releases are intended to be very timely, and so lack much of the processing, documentation, and variables that are usual to the Full Release of a dataset. Thus, it is recommended that users who worked with the Advance Release File check their results against the Full Release file now that it is available.

When using the Full Release file, please keep in mind that the Advance Release products – codebook, data, data descriptor files, and otherwise – are not compatible for use with the Full Release. Furthermore, previous setups and programs prepared while analyzing the Advance Release file will require updating prior to applying them to the Full Release file.

  • The Full Release contains variables which were not in the Advance Release, and column locations are different between the two files. Additionally, variables are not named the same way in the Full Release as the Advance Release. To be able to distinguish between Advance Release variables and Full Release variables in derivative files, Advance Release variable names begin with the letter “A”, while Full Release variable names begin with the letter “V”. In rare instances, there are also slight changes in code values between the Advance and Full Release, even within the same variable.
  • A limited amount of contextual data was available as part of the Advance Release. However, this data is not present in the Full Release, as it will instead be delivered in the future as a supplemental file. The supplemental file will contain additional contextual variables beyond those that were present in the Advance Release. When the supplemental file is available, an announcement will be placed on the ANES website and also sent out to the ANES mailing list.
  • Weight variables were not present in the Advance Release, but are available in the Full Release file. Users are advised to become familiar with the weight variables, and apply them as appropriate to their analyses to correct for non-response and other sampling issues.
  • There were 1513 pre-election interviews and and 1347 post-election interviews present in the Advance Release. During processing of the Full Release, it was discovered that in two Panel cases the incorrect respondent was interviewed. Those cases were dropped, resulting in two less pre-election interviews and one less post-election interview. Thus, there are 1511 pre-election interviews and 1346 post-election interviews present in the Full Release.